Publications

Please feel free to download and read the following papers which have been published in scientific journals throughout the world.

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2014

ANS Annual Meeting
  • Liu T, Du X, Su L, Gao Y, Ji W, Carothers CD, Shephard MS, Liu B, Kalra MK, Brown FB, Fitzgerald PF, Xu XG. Testing of ARCHER-CT, A Fast Monte Carlo Code for CT Dose Calculation: Experiment versus Simulation. Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc., 110: 481, 2014.
  • Xu XG. Current Issues in Computational Methods–Roundtable: Computational Human Phantoms. ANS 2014 Annual Meeting, Reno, NV, June 15-19, 2014.
HPS Annual Meeting
  • Caracappa PF, Gao Y, Ding A, Xu XG. Evaluation of Computed Tomography Dose Using a Family of Virtual Patients. Health Phys. 107(1): S83, 2014.
  • Du X, Liu T, Su L, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Extension of ARCHER Monte Carlo Code to Health Physics Dosimetry and Shielding Design: Preliminary Results. Health Phys. 107(1): S38, 2014.
  • Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. How to Use VirtualDose to Track Patient Organ Doses. Health Phys. 107(1): S100, 2014.
  • Lin H, Liu T, Su L, Du X, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Formation of Computational Phantoms from CT Numbers for Use in the ARCHER Monte Carlo Code. Health Phys. 107(1): S98, 2014.
  • Liu T, Su L, Du X, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Comparison of Accuracy and Speed of ARCHER with MCNP for Organ Dose Calculations from External Pho ton Beams Under Standard Irradiation Geometries. Health Phys. 107(1): S114, 2014.
  • Zieb K, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Xu XG, Lee K. Investigation of Crew Member Postures for Space Radiation Dosimetry. Health Phys. 107(1): S35, 2014.
AAPM Annual Meeting
  • Liu T, Du X, Su L, Gao Y, Ji W, Zhang D, Shi J, Liu B, Kalra M, Xu, XG. Monte Carlo CT Dose Calculation: A Comparison Between Experiment and Simulation Using ARCHER-CT. Medical Physics, 41(6): 424, 2014.
  • Su L, Yang Y, Bednarz B, Sterpin E, Du X, Liu T, Xu XG. Application of ARCHERRT-- A GPU-Based Monte Carlo Dose Engine for Radiation Therapy -- to Tomotherapy and Patient-Independent IMRT. Medical Physics, 41(6): 395, 2014.
Full Papers
  • Xu XG. An Exponential Growth of Computational Phantom Research in Radiation Protection, Imaging, and Radiotherapy: a Review of the Fifty-year History. Phys. Med. Biol. Vol. 59(18):R233-R302, 2014.

 

2013

ANS Winter Meeting and Nuclear Technology Expo 2013
  • Mille M, Zimmerman BE, Xu XG. Development of cylindrical sources for testing the accuracy of radioactivity measurements in nuclear medicine imaging. American Nuclear Society Winter Meeting and Nuclear Technology Expo, Washington, DC, November 10-14, 2013.
Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo 2013
  • Caracappa PF, Rhodes A, Fiedler D, Ding A. An Eye Model for Computational Dosimetry Using A Multi-Scale Voxel Phantom. Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo 2013. Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
  • Caracappa PF, Ding A, Xu XG. Interpolation Method for Calculation of Computed Tomography Dose from Angular Varying Tube Current. Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo 2013. Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
  • Liu T, Xu GX, Carothers CD. Comparison of Two Accelerators for Monte Carlo Radiation Transport Calculations, NVIDIA Tesla M2090 GPU and Intel Xeon Phi 3120 Coprocessor: a Case Study for X-ray CT Imaging Dose Calculation. Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo, Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
  • Liu T, Du X, Ji W, Xu XG. A comparative study of history-based versus vectorized Monte Carlo methods in the GPU/CUDA environment for a simple neutron eigenvalue problem. Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo, Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
  • SU L, Du X, Liu T, Xu XG. GPU-Accelerated Monte Carlo Electron Transport Methods: Development and Applicationfor Radiation Dose Calculations Using Six GPU Cards. Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo, Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
  • Xu XG, Liu T, Su L, Du X, Riblett MJ, Ji W, Gu D, Carothers CD, Shephard MS, Brown FB, Kalra MK, Liu B. ARCHER, a New Monte Carlo Software Tool for Emerging Heterogeneous Computing Environments. Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo 2013 (SNA + MC 2013), Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
HPS Annual Meeting
  • Gao Y, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Dose-Length-Product-to-Effective-Dose Conversion Factors for Overweight and Obese Patients in X-ray Computed Tomography Examinations. 58th Annual Health Physics Society Meeting, Madison, WI, July 7-11, 2013.
  • Gao Y, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. A Monte Carlo Method to Compute Patient Dose for Chest Computed Tomography Scans Involving Tube Current Modulation. 58th Annual Health Physics Society Meeting, Madison, WI, July 7-11, 2013.
  • Rhodes AM, Fiedler DA, Caracappa PF. A Model for Eye Lens Dose and Whole Body Dose in Interventional Radiology. 58th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Madison, WI, July 7-11, 2013.
  • Riblett MJ, Liu T, Ji W, Xu XG. Use of Hardware Accelerators for Monte Carlo-based Neutron Radiation Transport: a Preliminary Study. Health Physics Society 58th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Madison, WI, July 7-11, 2013.
  • SU L, Du X, Liu T, Xu XG. A Fast Monte Carlo Electron Transport Code for Dose Calculations Using the GPU Accelerator. Health Physics Society 58th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Madison, WI, July 7-11, 2013.
  • Vazquez JA, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. A Dose-Reconstruction Simulation of the 1999 Tokai-Mura Criticality Accident with Victim Postures Modeled Using a Dynamic Computational Human Phantom and Motion Capture Data. 58th Annual Health Physics Society Meeting, Madison, WI, July 7-11, 2013.
ANS Annual Meeting
  • Ding A, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. An Update of the Development and Clinical Testing of VirtualDose Software Used for Reporting CT Doses. 2013 American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 16-20, 2013.
  • Rhodes AM, Fiedler DA, Caracappa PF. Computational Eye Model for Interventional Radiology Dosimetry and Multi-Scale Whole-body Phantoms. 2013 American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 16-20, 2013.
  • Rhodes AM, Vazquez JA, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Impacts of the Adoption of ICRP 103: A Reactor Study. 2013 American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 16-20, 2013.
  • Vazquez JA, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. "A Dose-Reconstruction Simulation of the 1999 Tokaimura Criticality Accident Using Motion Capture Data to Simulate Worker Posture" 2012 ANS Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 16-20, 2013.
  • Xu XG. Medical/Health Physics Research at RPI: A Review. 2013 American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 16-20, 2013.
  • Xu XG, Liu T, Su L, Du X, Riblett MJ, Ji W. An Update of ARCHER, a Monte Carlo Radiation Transport Software Testbed for Emerging Hardware Such as GPUs. 2013 American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, June 16-20, 2013.
Mathematics & Computation 2013
  • Du X, Liu T, Ji W, Xu XG, Evaluation of Vectorized Monte Carlo Algorithms on GPUs for a Neutron Eigenvalue Problem. International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, ID, USA, May 5-9, 2013.
  • Liu T, Ji W, Xu GX, Brown FB. Development of GPU-based Monte Carlo Code for Fast CT Imaging Dose Calculation on CUDA Fermi Architecture. International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering, Sun Valley, ID, USA, May 5-9, 2013.
  • SU L, Du X, Xu XG. Monte Carlo Electron-Photon Transport Using GPUs as an Accelerator: Results for a Water-Aluminum-Water Phantom. International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, ID, USA, May 5-9, 2013.
HPS Midyear Topical Meeting
  • Rhodes AM, Fiedler DA, Caracappa PF. Development of a Computational Eye Model for Use with Whole-body Phantoms. 46th Midyear Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Scottsdale, AZ, January 27-30, 2013.
Other
  • Zhang D, Li X, Gao Y, Xu XG, Liu B. A method to acquire CT organ dose map using OSL dosimeters and ATOM anthropomorphic phantoms. Medical Physics. 40(8), 2013. view view

 

2012

Full Papers
  • Ding A, Mille M, Liu T, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Extension of RPI-adult male and female computational phantoms to obese patients and a Monte Carlo study of the effect on CT imaging dose. Phys. Med. Biol. 57(9): 2441-2459, 2012. view view
  • Gu J, Xu XG, Caracappa PF, Liu B. Fetal doses to pregnant patients from CT with tube current modulation calculated using Monte Carlo simulations and realistic phantoms. Radiat Prot Dosimetry first published online December 6, 2012. view view
AAPM Annual Meeting
  • Ding A, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Liu B, Xu XG. Design and Testing of the VirtualDose Software under the Software as a Service (SaaS) Platform for Tracking and Reporting CT Doses. Med. Phys. 39(6):3876, 2012.
  • Ding A, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Long D, Bolch W, Xu XG. A Comprehensive CT Organ Dose Database for Weight-Specific Adult and Pediatric Patients. Med. Phys. 39(6):3940, 2012.
  • Gao Y, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Position Sensitivity of Calculated Dose-Length-Product-To-Effective-Dose Conversion Factors in Computed Tomography Examination. Med. Phys. 39(6):3607, 2012.
  • Liu T, Ding A, Xu XG. Accelerated Monte Carlo Methods for Photon Dosimetry Using a Dual-GPU System and CUDA. Med. Phys. 39(6):3818, 2012.
  • Liu T, Ding A, Xu XG. GPU-Based Monte Carlo Methods for Accelerating Radiographic and CT Imaging Dose Calculations: Feasibility and Scalability. Med. Phys. 39(6):3876, 2012.
  • Su L, Liu T, Ding A, Xu XG. A GPU/CUDA Based Monte Carlo Code for Proton Transport: Preliminary Results of Proton Depth Dose in Water. Med. Phys. 39(6):3945, 2012.
HPS Annual Meeting
  • Bolllinger BG, Su L, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Dosimetric Implications of the New ICRP 103 Recommendations on Radiation Protection Regulations in the U.S. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
  • Ding A, Gao Y, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. CT Dose Reporting with the VirtualDose Software: Database and Software Testing for Clinical Users. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
  • Gao Y, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Position Sensitivity of Calculated Dose-Length-Product-to-Effective-Dose Conversion Factors in Computed Tomography Examination. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
  • Su L, Liu T, Ding A, Xu XG. GPU/CUDA-based Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Protection Dose Calculations Involving X-ray and Proton Sources. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
  • Su L, Xu XG. A Database for Effective Doses and Dosimeter Responses from External Photon Exposures Using Voxel Phantoms and ICRP 103 Recommendation. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
  • Vazquez JA, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. A Deformable Computational Human Phantom for Animated Radiation Dosimetry Simulation Using Motion-Capture Data. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
  • Weltz A, Xu XG. Quick X-Ray Imaging Dose Resource for Patients. 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, Sacramento, CA, July 22-26, 2012.
ANS Annual Meeting
  • Su L, Xu XG. A Database for Effective Dose from External Photon Exposures Using Voxel Phantoms and ICRP 103. 2012 ANS Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, June 24-28, 2012.
  • Liu T, Su L, Ding A, Ji W, Carothers C, Xu XG. GPU/CUDA-Ready Parallel Monte Carlo Codes for Reactor Analysis and Other Applications. 2012 ANS Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, June 24-28, 2012.
ANS Student Conference
  • Vazquez J, Ding A, Liu T, Su L, Gao Y, Mille M, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Current Research Pursuits the Rensselaer Radiation Measurement and Dosimetry Group. The American Nuclear Society 2012 Student Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, April 12-15, 2012.
SNM Annual Meeting
  • Mille M, Zimmerman BE, Bergeron DE, Cessna JT, Xu XG. A study of tumor-shape effect on the measured radioactivity in PET imaging using ellipsoid phantoms of various axis ratios. SNM 2012 Annual Meeting, Miami Beach, FL, June 9-13, 2012.
Physor 2012 Advances in Reactor Physics
  • Liu T, Ding A, Ji W, Xu XG, Carothers CD, Brown FB, "A Monte Carlo neutron transport code for eigenvalue calculations on a dual-GPU system and CUDA environment", Physor 2012 Advances in Reactor Physics, Knoxville, TN, USA, April 15-20, 2012.
World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
  • Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Invited 30-Min Talk: The Impact of the ICRP-103 Recommendations on Radiation Protection and Shielding against External Photon and Neutron Beams. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Beijing, China, May 26-31, 2012.
  • Xu XG, Su L, Liu T, Ding A. GPU-Based Monte Carlo Method for Medical Physics Applications: Preliminary Results for X-Ray and Proton Applications. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Beijing, China, May 26-31, 2012.
  • Xu XG, Ding A, Caracappa PF. Mini-Symposium on Patient Safety and Radiation Dose Tracking for CT and Other Medical Procedures: Virtualdose Software for CT Dose Tracking Involving Deformable and Personalized Phantoms. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Beijing, China, May 26-31, 2012.
  • Xu XG, Caracappa PF, Ding A, Mille M, Liu T, Su L. Mini-Symposium on "Visible Human Projects in the United States, Korea and China and Applications to Radiation Dosimetry": Visible Human Project in the US and RPI Deformable Phantoms for Radiation Dosimetry. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Beijing, China, May 26-31, 2012.

2011

Full Papers
  • Han B, Xu XG, Chen TYG. Image-Guided Proton Radiotherapy of lung tumors using proton radiography: A Monte Carlo study on 4DCT patient-specific phantoms. Med. Phys. 38(4): 1903-1911, 2011. view view
AAPM Annual Meeting
  • Caracappa PF, Ding A, Gu J, Liu B, Xu XG. Organ dose weighting methods for tube current modulated CT exams: Demonstration using adult patient phantoms. Med Phys 38(6): 3875, 2011.
  • Ding A, Mille M, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Impact of body size of obese patients on PET/CT dose estimates: Monte Carlo calculations using a set of BMI-adjustable phantoms. Med. Phys. 38(6): 3843, 2011.
  • Ding A, Schulte N, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Further development of VirtualDose software for CT dose assessment: Realistic phantoms and smartphone user interfaces. Med Phys 38(6): 3877, 2011.
  • Guo B, Xu XG, Shi C. Predictive Tracking for Real‐Time Deformable Motion Using a Dynamic Virtual Patient Model. Med. Phys. 38(6):3781, 2011.
  • Han B, Chen GTY, Xu XG. Applications of Proton Radiography to Image Guided Proton Therapy ‐ A Monte Carlo Study Involving the Most Likely Path Algorithm. Med Phys. 38(6):3878, 2011.
  • McNitt-Gray M, Xu XG, Samei E. Patient Dose in CT: Calculating Patient Specific Doses in CT(Joint with Education). Med. Phys. 38(6):3759, 2011.
HPS Annual Meeting
  • Liu T, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Modeling of obese individuals using automatic deformation of mesh-based computational phantoms. 56th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, West Palm Beach, FL, June 26-30, 2011.
  • Mille M, Ding A, Liu T, Na Y-H, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. The effect of patient obesity on PET/CT imaging dose using a phantom with a body mass index of 45. 56th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, West Palm Beach, FL, June 26-30, 2011.
  • Schulte N, Xu WM, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. A SmartPhone APP for tracking medical ct doses. 56th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, West Palm Beach, FL, June 26-30, 2011.
  • Su L., Xu XG. The assessment of effective dose from personnel dosimeter readings using latest voxel phantoms and ICRP 103 recommendations. 56th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, West Palm Beach, FL, June 26-30, 2011.
  • Vazquez JA, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Integration of human models with a virtual cityscape model for use in radiation-related event simulation. 56th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society, West Palm Beach, FL, June 26-30, 2011.
International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering (M&C 2011)
  • Caracappa PF, Xu XG, Gu J. Modeling Of Tube Current Modulation Methods In Computed Tomography Dose Calculations For Adult And Pregnant Patients. ANS Mathematics & Computation Topical Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011. PDF
  • Ding A, Liu T,Liang C, Ji W,Shepard MS, Xu XG, Brown FB. Evaluation of speedup of Monte Carlo calculations of simple reactor physics problems coded for the GPU/CUDA environment. ANS Mathematics & Computation Topical Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011. PDF
  • Mille M,Su L, Yazici B, Xu XG. Opportunities and challenges in applying the compresive sensing framework to nuclear science and engineering. ANS Mathematics & Computation Topical Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011. PDF
Other
  • Mille M, Xu XG, Zimmerman BE. Rapid prototyping PET phantoms for partial volume correction. ANS Annual Meeting, Hollywood, FL, June 26-30, 2011.
  • Xu XG. Computational phantoms used for Monte Carlo organ dose assessment. Invited paper for ANS Annual Meeting, Hollywood, FL, June 26-30, 2011.

2010

Full Papers
  • Bednarz B, Athar B, Xu XG. A comparative study on the risk of second primary cancers in out-of-field organs associated with radiotherapy of localized prostate carcinoma using Monte Carlo-based accelerator and patient models. Med. Phys. 37(5):1987-1994, 2010. view view
  • Bednarz B, Chen GTY, Paganetti H. Han B, Ding A. Xu XG. Comparison of Particle Tracking Features in Geant4 and MCNPX Codes for Applications in Mapping of Proton Range Uncertainty. Nuclear Technology (submitted).
  • De S, Eom J, Rahul, Shi C, Xu XG, GTY Chen. A Review of Research in Respiratory Motion Modeling for Radiological Physics Applications. Phys. Med. Biol. (submitted)
  • Ding A, Gu J, Xu XG, Trofimov AV. Monte Carlo calculation of imaging doses from diagnostic multi-detector CT and kilovoltage cone beam CT as part of prostate cancer treatment plans. Med Phys. 37(12): 6199-6204, 2010.
  • Eom J, Shi C, Xu XG, De S. Predictive Modeling of Lung Motion over the Entire Respiratory Cycle Using Measured Pressure-Volume (P-V) Data, 4DCT Images, and Finite Element Analysis. Med Phys. 37(8):4389-4400, 2010
  • Eom J, Shi C, Xu XG, De S. Patient-specific mechanical property estimation of lung tissue from 4D CT images. MICCAI 2010, the 13th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, Beijing, China September 20-24, 2010 (submitted)
  • Gu J, Xu XG, Caracappa PF, Liu B. Fetal Doses to Pregnant Patients Undergoing from CT with Tube Current Modulation Calculated Using Monte Carlo Computational Simulations and Realistic Phantoms. Med Physics (submitted)
  • Guo B, Xu XG, Shi C. Specific Absorbed Fractions for Internal Electron Emitters Derived for a Set of Anatomically Realistic Reference Pregnant Female Models. Rad. Prot. Dosim. 138(1):20-28, 2010. view view
  • Han B, Zhang J, Na YH, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Modeling and Monte Carlo Organ Dose Calculations for Workers Walking on Ground Contaminated with Cs-137 and Co-60 Gamma Sources. Radiation Prot Dosi (submitted)
  • Han B, Xu XG, Davidson M, Bednarz B, Sharp GC, Chen GTY. Monte Carlo Simulation of Performance of a Time Resolved Range Telescope Using Selected Image QA Phantoms. Nuclear Technology (submitted)
  • Liu H, Gu J, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Comparison of two types of adult phantoms in terms of organ doses from diagnostic CT procedures. Phys. Med. Biol. 55:1441-1451, 2010. view view
  • Mille M, Xu XG, Rivard MJ. Comparison of organ doses for patients undergoing balloon brachytherapy of the breast with HDR 192Ir or electronic sources using Monte Carlo simulations in a heterogeneous human phantom. Medical Physics, 37(2):662-671, 2010. view view
  • Na YH, Zhang B, Zhang J, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Deformable Adult Human Phantoms for Radiation Protection Dosimetry: Anthropometric data representing size distributions of adultworker populations and software algorithms. Phys. Med. Biol. 55: 3789-3811, 2010. view view
  • Xu XG, Paganetti H. Editorial: Better radiation weighting factors for neutrons generated from proton treatment are needed. Radiation Prot Dosim. 138: 291-294, 2010. view view
ANS RPSD Topical Meeting
  • Davidson M, Bednarz B, Depauw N, Seco J, Paganetti H, Yanch JC, Xu XG, Chen GTY. Monte Carlo Simulation of Performance of a Time-Resolved Range Telescope. American Nuclear Society (ANS) 2010 Joint Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division/Isotopes and Radiation Division/ Biology and Medicine Division, Palace Station Hotel, Las Vegas, NV, April 18-23, 2010.
  • Han B, Xu XG, Dorgu A, Bednarz B, Measurement and Monte Carlo Calculations of Out-of-Field Organ Doses from IMRT Plans for Head and Neck Involving the Varian Clinac (TRILOGY) and TomoTherapy Hi-Art II System. American Nuclear Society (ANS) 2010 Joint Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division/Isotopes and Radiation Division/ Biology and Medicine Division, Palace Station Hotel, Las Vegas, NV, April 18-23, 2010.
  • Na YH, Han B, Xu XG. Posture-specific Phantoms for Improved Radiation Dosimetry: Preliminary Results. American Nuclear Society (ANS) 2010 Joint Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division/Isotopes and Radiation Division/ Biology and Medicine Division, Palace Station Hotel, Las Vegas, NV, April 18-23, 2010.
SNM Annual Meeting
  • Ding A, Gu J, Mille M, Xu XG, Liu B. VirtualDose: a CT dose reporting software based on anatomically realistic phantoms. J. Nuc. Med. Meeting Abstracts 51 Supplement 2: 144P, 2010.
  • Mille M, Gu J,Ding A, Xu XG, Stabin M, Liu B. Evaluation of software tools for PET/CT dose studies. J. Nuc. Med. Meeting Abstracts 51 Supplement 2: 250P, 2010.
HPS Annual Meeting
  • Liu T, Mille M, Caracappa PF, Xu XG, Nour S, Inn K. A Software Solution to Bioassay Detector Calibration Using A Library of Virtual Phantoms. Health Phys. 99(1): S78, 2010.
  • Han B, Yong Hum Na, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. Monte Carlo Modeling of a Sitting Phantom for Improved Environmental Dose Assessment. Health Phys. 99(1): S59, 2010.
  • Mille M, Gu J, Ding A, Caracappa PF, Xu XG, Stabin M, Liu B. A Combined Internal And External Dose Calculation Method For PET/CT Procedures. 99(1): S74, 2010.
  • Su L, Mille M, Xu XG, Stabin M. Comparison of Two F-18 FDG Biokinetic Models for the Estimate of Patient Dose from PET Imaging. 99(1): S31, 2010.
AAPM Annual Meeting
  • Caracappa PF, Gu J, Xu XG. Organ-Specific Adjustment Factors for Calculating Dose from Any CT Scanner. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3100, 2010.
  • Ding A, Gu J, Caracappa PF, Xu XG, Development and Testing of a CT Dose Software “VirtualDose” Using Anatomically Realistic Patient Phantoms: Preliminary Results for the Phase I of the project. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3463, 2010.
  • Ding A, Gu J, Mille M, Xu XG, Wang Y, Trofimov AV, Methods to Account for Imaging Doses from Diagnostic MDCT or Kilovoltage CBCT in Prostate Treatment Planning: Monte Carlo Studies Using Scanner Models and Patient-Specific Anatomy. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3462, 2010.
  • Gu J, Liu B, Xu XG, CT Dose Reduction with Tube Current Modulation: A Case Study of Fetal Doses to Pregnant Patients Using Monte Carlo Computational Phantoms. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3464, 2010.
  • Han B, Ding A, Xu XG, Bednarz B, Sharp GC, Choi NC, Chen GTY, Riper KV. Evaluation of Performance of a Conceptual Time-Resolved Proton Range Telescope for In-Room Respiration Monitoring Using Monte Carlo Simulations and 4DCT Patient Data. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3179, 2010.
  • Mille M, Gu J, Ding A, Xu XG, Stabin M, Liu B, Treves S, Fahey F. Calculation and Evaluation of internal and external radiation exposure to adult and pediatric patients from PET/CT examinations. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3117, 2010.
  • Na YH, Ding A, Caracappa PF , Xu XG. Demonstration of the Ability to Morph an Existing Whole-body Phantom to a Different Individual. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3279, 2010.
  • Na Y, Ding A, Caracappa PF , Xu XG. Demonstration of the Ability to Morph an Existing Whole-body Phantom to a Different Individual. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3146, 2010.
  • He W, Guo B, Xu XG, Shi C. Application of Virtual Patient Model in 4D IMRT Monte Carlo Treatment Planning. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3155, 2010.
  • Guo B, Vazquez Quino L, Xu XG, Shi C. Statistical Analysis of the Correlation Between Breathing Characteristics with Patient Parameters. Med. Phys. 37(6): 3167, 2010.
Other
  • Shi C, Guo B, Xu J, He W, Xu XG, Reconstruction of Predictive Patient Specific Dynamic Models: towards Virtual Patient Guided Radiation Therapy. XVIth International Conference on the Use of Computer in Radiation Therapy, Amsterdam, Netherlands, May 31- June 3, 2010.
  • Xu XG, Han B, Ding A, Bednarz B, Chen GTY, Riper D. Monte Carlo Simulations and Particle Tracking for Optimization of a 4D Time-Resolving Range Telescope in Proton Treatment. The Joint International Conference of the 7th Supercomputing in Nuclear Application and the 3rd Monte Carlo (SNA + MC2010), Tokyo, Japan, Oct 17-20, 2010.
  • Xu XG, Han B, Ding A, Bednarz B, Chen GTY, Riper D. Monte Carlo Simulations and Particle Tracking for Optimization of a 4D Time-Resolving Range Telescope in Proton Treatment. The Joint International Conference of the 7th Supercomputing in Nuclear Application and the 3rd Monte Carlo (SNA + MC2010), Tokyo, Japan, Oct 17-20, 2010.
  • Xu XG, Paganetti H, Athar Basit. Uncertainty about biological effects of high-energy secondary neutrons and how it affects the understanding of cancer risk. 49th Annual Meeting of the Particle Therapy Co-Operative Group (PTCOG49), Chiba and Gunma University – National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Japan, May, 17 - 22, 2010.
  • Xu XG, Han B, Ding A, Bednarz B, Paganetti H, Chen GTY. Progress of a Project on Time-Resolved Proton Range Telescope: Monte-Carlo Simulations of 4D Respiratory Phantoms. 49th Annual Meeting of the Particle Therapy Co-Operative Group (PTCOG49), Chiba and Gunma University – National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Japan, May, 17 - 22, 2010.

2009

AAPM Annual Meeting
  • Caracappa P, Gu J, Xu XG. Methods of Assessing the Dose to the Red Bone Marrow for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2748, 2009.
  • Caracappa P, Gu J, Zhang J, Xu XG. The Impact of the new ICRP-103 Recommendations on the Assessment of Effective Doses from CT Procedures. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2727, 2009.
  • Ding A, Gu J, Liu H, Caracappa P, Xu XG. The Need and Feasibility of a Modern Software for Reporting Patient Doses from CT Scans. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2727, 2009.
  • Ding A, Han B, Xu XG. Development of a Software for Integrating the Medical Accelerator Model with Patient Phantoms into Monte Carlo Based Dosimetry Platform. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2781-2782, 2009.
  • Eom J, De S, Xu XG, Shi CY, D Vines. Physics-based respiration modeling for radiation treatment using patient-specific PV curve. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2561, 2009.
  • Gu J, Caracappa P, Xu XG. An Iterative Method of Modeling Multidetector CT (MDCT) Source from Measured CTDI Values: A Feasibility Study. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2432, 2009.
  • Gu J, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Monte Carlo Based Multidetector CT Modeling and Dose Calculations for Pregnant Patients. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2727, 2009.
  • Guo B, He W, Eom J, De S, Xu XG, Shi C. 4D predictive patient-specific anatomical model based on 4D CT data: a feasibility study. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2501, 2009.
  • Han B, Nath R, Bateman F, Islam M, LaFrance M, Moore M, Thomadsen B, Xu XG. The Manageable Levels of Induced Radioactivity in Medical Accelerators from High Energy Photon Beams. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2626-2627, 2009.
  • Han B, Dorgu A, Pavord D, Bednarz B, Xu XG. Measurements and Comparison of Out-of-Field Organ Doses from Varian Clinac IMRT Plans Using the Atom Phantom. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2703-2704, 2009.
  • Liu H, Zhang J, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Stylized MIRD Phantoms Should be Replaced by Anatomically Realistic Phantoms: Discrepancies In Red Bone Marrow Doses From CT Scans. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2727, 2009.
  • Liu Y, Shi C, Xu XG, Chen W, Jette D, Papanikolaou N. Dependency of proton dose on tissue composition investigated using Monte Carlo models of Hounsfield number conversion and cadaver-based anatomical data. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2619, 2009.
  • Mille M, Hegenbart L, Na Y, Zhang J, Xu XG. Deformable computational breast phantoms for Monte Carlo based calibrations of detector systems used for assessing internal radioactivity burden in the lungs. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2620-2621, 2009.
  • Mille M, Zhang J, Xu XG, Rivard M. Electronic versus HDR Ir-192 brachytherapy: Organ dose comparisons for breast cancer using a Monte Carlo patient phantom. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2682, 2009.
  • Na Y, Zhang J, Xu XG, Han B, Caracappa P. Next-Generation Deformable Patient Modeling for Monte Carlo Assessment of Organ Doses. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2783, 2009.
  • Xu XG, Gu J, Song W. Monte Carlo Based kV CBCT Modeling and Dose Calculations Involving Anatomical Phantom. Med. Phys. 36(6): 2813, 2009.
HPS Annual Meeting
  • Caracappa P, Zhang J, Xu XG. The Impact of the ICRP-103 Recommendations: A Dosimetric Study of External Photon and Neutron Beams. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S79, 2009.
  • Ding A, Gu J, Liu H, Caracappa P, Xu XG. The Design of A New PC Software for Estimating Patient Doses from CT Scans. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S56, 2009.
  • Gu J, Xu XG. Patient organ doses from the Varian On-Board Imager: A Monte Carlo study using a CT scanner model and adult patient phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S58-S59, 2009.
  • Gu J, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Evaluation of three computer codes for diagnostic X-ray spectra in CT dosimetry. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S58, 2009.
  • Han B, Xu XG. Effects of lead shielding on the fetal dose during external-beam radiation treatment of pregnant patients. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S38, 2009.
  • Han B, Zhang J, Na YH, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Monte Carlo Modeling of Workers Walking on Contaminated Ground for Accurate Environmental Dosimetry. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S79, 2009.
  • Hegenbart L, Mille M, Na YH, Zhang J, Ding A, Urban M, Xu XG. Investigation Of The Effect Of Female Breast Size on Lung Counting Efficiency Using Virtual Deformable Phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S29, 2009.
  • Liu H, Gu J, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Comparison of CT organ doses calculated from stylized and realistic phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S56, 2009.
  • Mille M, Zhang B, Xu XG. Specific Absorbed Fractions for Photon Emitters Calculated for the RPI-Adult Male and Female Phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S30, 2009.
  • Zhang J, Na YH, Han B, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Organ Doses from External Neutron Beams for A Pair of ICRP-89 50th-percentile Adult Phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S80, 2009.
  • Zhang J, Na YH, Han B, Caracappa P, Xu XG. Organ Doses from External Proton Beams Calculated from A Pair of ICRP-89 50th-Percentile Adult Phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 97(1), S79-S80, 2009.
ANS M&C Topical Meeting
  • Ding AP, Gu J, Liu HK, Caracappa P and Xu XG. A Software Package for Reporting Multidector CT (MDCT) Doses. International Conference on Advances in Mathematics, Computational Methods, and Reactor Physics, May 3-7, 2009, The Saratoga Hilton Hotel, Saratoga Springs, New York.
  • Gu J, Caracappa P. and Xu XG. Multidetector CT (MDCT) modeling for organ dose assessments of various patient phantoms. International Conference on Advances in Mathematics, Computational Methods, and Reactor Physics, May 3-7, 2009, The Saratoga Hilton Hotel, Saratoga Springs, New York.
  • Han B, Bednarz B. and Xu XG. Applications of Monte Carlo Computational Framework of a Medical Accelerator. International Conference on Advances in Mathematics, Computational Methods, and Reactor Physics, May 3-7, 2009, The Saratoga Hilton Hotel, Saratoga Springs, New York.
  • Zhang JY, Na YH, Ding AP, and Xu XG. Deformable and Posture-changing Computational Phantoms and Dosimetry Data for Standard External-Beam Irradiations. International Conference on Advances in Mathematics, Computational Methods, and Reactor Physics, May 3-7, 2009, The Saratoga Hilton Hotel, Saratoga Springs, New York.
Other
  • Bednarz B, Xu XG. Monte Carlo modeling of a 6- and 18-MV Varian Clinac medical accelerator for in-field and out-of-field dose calculations: development and validation. Phys. Med. Biol., 54:N43–N57, 2009. view view
  • Bednarz B, Han B, Xu XG. Comparison of photoneutron yields in tungsten calculated by MCNPX using different photonuclear cross-section data for typical radiation therapy energies. Nuclear Technology, 168(2): 270-273, 2009.
  • Caracappa P and Xu XG. A Study of Predicted Bone Marrow Distribution On Calculated Marrow Dose from Occupational And Medical Exposures Using Two Sets Of Image Data for the Same Individual. Health Phys. 96(6), 661-674, 2009.
  • Dimbylow PJ, Nagaoka T, Xu GX. A comparison of foetal SAR in three sets of pregnant female models. Phys. Med. Biol. 54 (2009) 2755-2767. view view
  • Ding AP, Zhang D, Xu XG. Training Software Using Virtual-Reality Technology And Pre-Calculated Effective Dose Data. Health Phys. 96(5): 594-601, 2009.
  • Eckerman KF, Poston JW Sr., Bolch WE, Xu XG. “Chapter 2: Stylized Computational Phantoms Developed at ORNL and Elsewhere” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 43-64), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Eom J, Shi CY, Xu XG, De S. Development of a patient-specific nonlinear finite element model for the simulation of lung motion during cancer radiation therapy (submitted to Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference [SBC2009] June 17-21, Resort at Squaw Creek, Lake Tahoe, CA, USA)
  • Eom J, Xu XG, De S. Modeling of lung motion for cancer radiation therapy (submitted to 10th US National Congress on Computational Mechanics [USNCCM], July 16-19, Columbus, Ohio, USA)
  • Gu J, Caracappa PF, Song W, Xu XG. Dosimetric Study of Concomitant Patient Doses from kV CBCT Exposure in IGRT Using Advanced Computational Phantoms and Monte Carlo Simulations. The 95th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, Nov 29 - Dec 04, 2009, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Gu J, Bednarz B, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. The development, validation and application of a multi-detector CT (MDCT) scanner model for assessing organ doses to the pregnant patient and her fetus using Monte Carlo methods. Phys. Med. Biol. 54 (2009) 2699-2717. view view
  • Han B, Bednarz B, Danon Y, Block R, Xu XG. Evaluation of nuclear activation of tungsten plates for future modeling of a medical accelerator. Nuclear Technology, 168(2):576-579, 2009.
  • Han B, Bednarz B, Xu XG. A study of the shielding used to reduce leakage and scattered radiation to the fetus in a pregnant patient treated with a 6-MV external x-ray beam. Health Phys. 97(6):581-589, 2009. view view
  • Na YH and Xu XG A Method to Create Size-Adjustable Whole-Body Patient Models for Radiological Studies of Organ Doses. MMVR17, January 19-22, 2009, The Hyatt Regency Long Beach, Long Beach, California.
  • Na YH, Zhang JY, Ding AP, Xu XG. “Chapter 14: Mesh-Based and Anatomically Adjustable Adult Phantoms and a Case Study in Virtual Calibration of Lung Counter for Female Workers” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 347-375), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Reece WD, Kim CH, Xu XG. “Chapter 18: Applications to External Radiation Exposures in Nuclear Power Plants” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 425-447), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Shi CY, Su FC, Goytia V. and Xu XG. Development of a Patient-specific Predictive Geometry (PPG) model based on real patient 4D CT data. MMVR17, January 19-22, 2009, The Hyatt Regency Long Beach, Long Beach, California.
  • Shi CY, Fuss F, Papanikolaou N, Xu XG. “Chapter 26: Applications to Image-Guided Radiation Treatment Planning” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 591-606), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Taranenko V, Xu XG. Foetal Dose Conversion Coefficients For ICRP-Compliant Pregnant Models From Idealised Proton Exposures. Rad. Prot. Dosim. 133(2): 65-72, 2009. view view
  • Thomadsen B, Bateman FB, Islam MK, LaFrance T, Moore ME, Nath R, Xu XG. Potential Hazard Due To Induced Radioactivity Secondary To Radiotherapy Using High Energy Photons Is Small. Health Phys. (Submitted Nov 2008).
  • Wang Z, Xu XG, Taracila V, Jin J, Robb FJ. Numerical evaluation of SAR within whole-body pregnant woman models in MRI birdcage coil. International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, April 18-24, 2009, Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • Xu XG. “Chapter 1. Computational Phantoms for Radiation Dosimetry: A 40-Year History of Evolution” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 3-41), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Bozkurt A, Shi CY, Zhang JY. “Chapter 6: The 3D and 4D VIP-Man Computational Phantoms” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 135-162), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Xu XG, Shi CY, Stabin MG, Taranenko V. “Chapter 12: Pregnant Female/Fetus Computational Phantoms and the Latest RPI-P Series Representing 3, 6 and 9 Month Gestational Periods” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 305-335), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Xu XG, Stabin MG, Bolch WE, Segars WP. “Chapter 30: Summary and Future Needs Related to Computational Phantoms” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 679-683), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Yazici B, Son IY, Jin A, Xu XG. “Chapter 23: Applications to Optimization of X-ray Radiographic Imaging” in Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry (pp. 525-547), Ed. X. George Xu and Keith F. Eckerman. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
  • Zhang J, Na YH, Caracappa PF, Xu XG. RPI-AM and RPI-AF,a pair of mesh-based, size-adjustable adult male and female computational phantoms using ICRP-89 parameters and their calculations for organ doses from monoenergetic photon beams. Phys. Med. Biol. 54 (2009) 5885-5908.
  • Zhang J and Xu XG. Development of Whole-Body Reference Adult Male and Female Models for Radiological Studies Using Surface-Geometry Modeling and Monte Carlo Radiation Transport Methods. MMVR17, January 19-22, 2009, The Hyatt Regency Long Beach, Long Beach, California.

2008

  • Bednarz B, Han B, Xu XG. Comparison of photoneutron yields in MCNPX using different photonuclear cross section data for typical radiation therapy energy ranges. The International Conference on Radiation Shielding-11, April 14-17, 2008.
  • Bednarz B, Xu XG. Methods to calculate organ doses due to scattered radiation from external beam radiation treatment using various patient phantoms and Monte Carlo simulations. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2805, 2008.
  • Bednarz B, and Xu XG. A feasibility study to calculate unshielded fetal doses to pregnant patients in 6-MV photon treatments using Monte Carlo methods and anatomically realistic phantoms. Med. Phys. 35(7): 3054-61, 2008. view view
  • Caracappa PF, Chao TC, Xu XG. Cellularity in Skeletal Dosimetry. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 99(67), 2008.
  • Caracappa P, Activation of Air In Linear Accelerator Facilities. HPS summer 2008.
  • Gu J, Xu X, Jiang S. Calculations of Organ Doses from Cone-Beam CT IGRT Procedures Using a Suite of Patient Phantoms. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2656, 2008. view view
  • Gu J, Bednarz B, Xu XG, Jiang SB. Assessment of Patient Organ Doses and Effective Doses using the VIP-MAN Adult Male Phantom for Selected CONE-BEAM CT Imaging Procedures during Image Guided Radiation Therapy. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 131(4): 431-443, 2008. view view
  • Gu J, Dorgu A, Xu XG Comparison of main software packages for CT dose reporting. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S50, 2008. view view
  • Gu J, Taranenko V., Bednarz B., Caracappa P, Xu XG A preliminary study to assess dose to pregnant females and fetuses undergoing CT examinations. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S51, 2008. view view
  • Guo B, Liu Y, Shi CY, Marvroidis P, Ha C, Xu XG, Papanikolaou N. Dose calculation for proton radiotherapy based-on Monte Carlo simulation using anatomical detailed human model. Oral Presentation, ESTRO 27, Goteborg, Sweden, Sept. 2008. view view
  • Han B, Bednarz B, Danon Y, Block R, Xu XG. Preliminary evaluation of nuclear activation of tungsten inside a medical accelerator. The International Conference on Radiation Shielding-11, April 14-17, 2008.
  • Han B, Bednarz B, Danon Y, Xu XG. Evaluation of photon and neutron activations during radiation treatments. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S51, 2008. view view
  • Hegenbart L, Na YH, Zhang JY, Urban M and Xu XG. A Monte Carlo study of lung counting efficiency for female workers of different breast sizes using deformable phantoms. Phys. Med. Biol. Volume 53, Number 19, 7 October 2008 view view
  • Jarlskog CZ, Lee C, Bolch WE, Xu XG, Paganetti H. Assessment of organ specific neutron equivalent doses in proton therapy using whole-body age-dependent voxel phantoms. Phys. Med. Biol., 53: 693–717, 2008. view view
  • Liu Y, Shi CY, Xu XG, Papanikolaou N. Human Anatomy-Based Monte Carlo Dose Calculation for External Protons. Poster. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2800, 2008. view view
  • Mille M, Zhang BQ, Xu, XG. An Analysis of the Dependency of Lung Counting efficiency on Specific Anatomy in Selected Physical and Tomographic Phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S99, 2008.
  • Mille M, Xu, XG. Fabrication of Human Organs for Realistic Calibration Phantoms by Rapid Prototyping. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S11, 2008.
  • Na YH, Zhang J, Xu XG. A Mesh-Based Anatomical Deformation Method for Creating Size-adjustable Whole-body Patient Models. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2665, 2008.view view
  • Shi CY, Xu XG, Stabin MG. SAF values for internal photon emitters calculated for the RPI-P pregnant-female models using Monte Carlo methods. Med. Phys. 35(7): 3215-24, 2008. view view
  • Shi CY, Guo BQ, Xu XG. SAF values for internal electron emitters calculated for the RPI-P pregnant-female models using Monte Carlo methods. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2875, 2008. view view
  • Taranenko V and Xu XG. Fluence to Absorbed Foetal Dose Conversion Coefficients For Photons In 50 Kev-10 Gev Calculated Using RPI-P Models. Radiation Protection Dosimetry Advance Access published online on June 2, 2008. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncn163 . view view
  • Taranenko V and Xu XG. Fluence-to-absorbed-dose conversion coefficients for neutron beams from 0.001 eV to 100 GeV calculated for a set of pregnant female and fetus models. Phys. Med. Biol. 53:1425-1446. 2008. view view
  • Xu XG, Zhang JY, and Na YH. Preliminary Data for Mesh-Based Deformable Phantom Development: Is it Possible to Design Person-Specific Phantoms On-demand. The International Conference on Radiation Shielding-11, April 14-17, 2008.
  • Xu XG, Followill D. Out-Of-Field Dosimetry for Secondary Cancer Studies: Past Experience and Future Needs. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2857, 2008.
  • Xu XG, Bednarz B, and Paganetti H. A review of dosimetry studies on external-beam radiation treatment with respect to second cancer induction. Phys. Med. Biol. 53 (2008) R193-R241. view view
  • Xu XG, Na YH, and Zhang T. Design and Test of a PC-Based Portable Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Software System Ultra3D. Computers in Biology and Medicine,Vol 38/2 ,pp 244-251,2008. view view
  • Zhang B, Mille M, and Xu XG. An analysis of dependency of counting efficiency on worker anatomy for in-vivo measurements: whole-body counting. Phys. Med. Biol. 53 (2008) 3463-3475. view view
  • Zhang B, Mille M, Xu XG. Monte-Carlo "Virtual" Calibration of Counting Efficiency for Assessing Patient Internal Radioactivity Burden Using Organ-adjustable RPI Adult Male Phantom. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2780, 2008. view view
  • Zhang BQ, Mille M, and Xu XG. An Analysis of the Dependency of Whole-body Counting Efficiency on Specific Anatomy in Selected BOMAB and Tomographic Phantoms. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S10, 2008. view view
  • Zhang JY, Na YH, Xu XG. Development of Whole-Body Phantoms Representing An Average Adult Male and Female Using Surface-Geometry Methods. Med. Phys., Vol 35(6), 2875, 2008. view view
  • Zhang JY, Xu XG, Shi CY, Fuss M. Development of A Geometry-Based Respiratory-Motion-Simulating Patient Model for Radiation Dosimetry Using Monte Carlo Methods.Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 9(1)1:16-28, 2008. view view
  • Zhang JY, Na YH, Xu XG. Size Adjustable Worker Models For Improved Radiation Protection Dosimetry. Health Phys., Vol 95(1), S50, 2008.view view

2007

  • Bednarz B, Taranenko V, Shi CY, Xu XG. Radiation Safety of Pregnant Patients During Radiation Treatment: A Detailed Modeling of the Accelerator, Patient Anatomy, and Non-target Doses. Med. Phys., Vol 34 (6), 2590, 2007. view view
  • Bednarz B, Taranenko V, Xu XG. Characterization of Activation Products in a Medical Linear Accelerator using Monte Carlo Modeling. Med. Phys., Vol 34 (6), 2469, 2007. view view
  • Bednarz B and Xu XG. The Need for Detailed Monte Carlo studies of Medical Accelerators. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 96 (395), 2007 view view
  • Bednarz B, Xu XG, Taranenko V. Monte Carlo-based Calculations of Neutron Activation in a Medical Linear Accelerator. Health Phys., Vol 93 (1), S44, 2007 (H. Wade Patterson Best Paper Award from the HPS Accelerator Section). view view
  • Caracappa P and Xu XG. Effects of Marrow Cellularity on Radiation Dose Calculation Using Realistic Anthropomorphic Models. Health Phys., Vol 93 (1), S7, 2007. view view
  • Gu JW and Xu XG. Comparison of X-ray Radiograph between MCNPX and Direct Ray-Tracing Using the VIP-Man Phantom. Health Phys., Vol 93(1),S16, 2007. view view
  • Hanlon J, Bednarz B, Xu XG. A Study of the Impact of X-ray Energy and Angular Distributions Produced from 6- and 18-MV Medical Linear Accelerators on Non-target Exposures. Med. Phys., Vol 34 (6), 2411, 2007.
  • Lin L, Shi CY, Xu XG, Swanson GP, Papanikolaou N. APT4D, an integrated treatment planning platform for 4D radiotherapy. Med. Phys., Vol 34 (6), 2632, 2007.
  • Stabin MG, Xu XG, Segars WP, Rogers JA, Gesner JA, Brill AB, Emmons MA. Improved Phantoms for Internal Dosimetry ¨C Better Realism and Uncertainty Analyses. Health Phys., Vol 93(1), S47, 2007..
  • Stabin MG, Xu XG, Segars WP, Rogers JA, Gesner JA, Brill AB, Emmons MA. Next Generation Pediatric and Pregnant Woman Phantom Series. J Nucl Med., Vol 48 (Suppl 2) 131, 2007.
  • Taranenko V, Zhang JY, Zhang D, Xu XG, Shi CY. Preliminary External Dosimetry Data from a New Set of Mother/Fetus Models. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 96 (448), 2007 view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG. Measurements of Non-Target Organ Doses Using MOSFET Dosemeters for Selected IMRT and 3DCRT Radiation Treatment Procedures. Radiation Protection Dosimetry (2008), Vol. 128, No. 3, pp. 336–342 view view
  • Wu YC and Xu XG. The Need for Further Development of CAD/MCNP Interface Codes. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 96 (392-394), 2007. view view
  • Xu XG, Taranenko V, Zhang JY, Zhang D, Shi CY, Stabin MG. Internal dosimetry data from a new set of mother/fetus models. J Nucl Med., Vol 48 (Suppl 2) 131, 2007.
  • Xu XG, Zhang JY, Shi CY. The Need for 4D Monte Carlo Simulations for Radiation Treatment Planning, Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 96 (398), 2007. view view
  • Xu XG, Geuther J, Baker G, Pal S, Danon Y, Lu TM, Ajayan P. Measurements of X-rays from Nanotubes and Nanorods. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 96 (368), 2007 view view
  • Xu XG, Taranenko V, Zhang JY and Shi CY, A boundary-representation method for designing whole-body radiation dosimetry models: pregnant females at the ends of three gestational periods—RPI-P3, -P6 and -P9,Phys. Med. Biol. 52 (2007) 7023–7044. This paper was rated among 30 and then later 10 of the best and most popular articles from the 550 articles published in Physics in Medicine & Biology. view view
  • Zacharatou-Jarlskog C, Lee C, Bolch W, Xu XG, Paganetti H. Methods of secondary organ equivalent dose calculation for proton therapy. XVth International Conference on the use of Computers in Radiation Therapy, Volume I, 371-375, 2007.
  • Zacharatou Jarlskog C, Lee C, Bolch W, Xu XG, Paganetti H. Different methods of organ equivalent dose scoring in Monte Carlo neutron dose calculations. Med. Phys., Vol 34 (6):2437, 2007.
  • Zacharatou Jarlskog C, Lee C, Bolch W, Xu XG, Paganetti H. Simulation of neutron dose exposure for pediatric proton therapy patients using whole-body age-dependent voxel phantoms. Med. Phys., Vol 34 (6): 2590, 2007.
  • Zaidi H and Xu XG. Computational anthropomorphic models of the human anatomy: The path to realistic Monte Carlo modeling in radiological sciences. Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. Vol. 9, 471-500, 2007. view view
  • Zhang D and Xu XG. ALARA Planning and Teaching Tool Based on Virtual-Reality Technologies. Health Phys., Vol 93(1), S8, 2007. view view
  • Zhang JY, Taranenko V, Zhang D, Xu XG, Shi CY. Preliminary External and Internal Dosimetry Data from a new set of mother/fetus models. Health Phys., Vol 93 (1), S40, 2007. view view

2006

  • Bednarz B, Xu XG, Wang B. Measured and Simulated Non-target Whole-body Doses for selected IMRT and 3D-CRT Treatment Plans Med. Phys., Vol 33 (6):2119, 2006.
  • Bednarz B, Xu XG, Wang B. Monte Carlo Modeling of a Medical Linear Accelerator for Secondary Photon and Neutron Calculations. Health Phys., S90(6):S139, 2006.
  • Caracappa P, Xu XG. A Revised Method of Estimating Redbone Marrow Dose in Image-based Computational Models. Health Phys., S90(6):S122, 2006.
  • Furler M, Bednarz B, Xu XG. Exploratory Project to Integrate CAD in MCNP Geometry Modeling. Health Phys., S90(6):S93, 2006.
  • Furler M, Bednarz B, Xu XG. Exploratory Project to Integrate CAD in MCNP Geometry Modeling. Health Phys., S90(6):S121;2006.
  • Hanlon J, Oakley M, Bednarz B, Xu XG, Development of a Patient-Specific Lung Phantom Using 3D Imaging and Rapid Prototyping. Med. Phys., Vol 33 (6), 2086, 2006.
  • Kim CH, Cho SH, Xu XG. Prdc-A Software Package For Personnel Radiation Dose Calculation. Radiation Protection Dosimetry,118(3):243-250, 2006. view view
  • Son IY, Winslow M, Yazici B, Xu XG, Yazici B. X-ray imaging optimization using virtual phantoms and computerized observer modeling. Phys. Med. Biol., 51:4289-4310, 2006. view view
  • Xu XG, Paganetti H. Patient Modeling and Organ Dose Calculations Using Monte Carlo Methods. Med. Phys., Vol 33 (6): 2239, 2006.
  • Xu XG Invited Presentation - Computational Medical Physics: What Roles Can Nuclear Engineers Play. The American Nuclear Society's 14th Biennial Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (ISBN: 0-7680-1662-2), 54-56, 2006. view view
  • Xu XG, Hanlon J., Oakley M. A Feasibility Study to Fabricate a Lung Phantom from Medical Images and Computer Aided Manufacturing . The American Nuclear Society's 14th Biennial Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (ISBN: 0-7680-1662-2), 183-185, 2006. view view
  • Xu XG. Invited “Best-Paper” Presentation - Computational Medical Physics: What Roles Can Nuclear Engineers Play? ANS Annual Winter Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, November 12-16, 2006.
  • Xu XG, Bushart S. Virtual-Reality Dose Simulation for Nuclear Power Plants . The American Nuclear Society's 14th Biennial Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (ISBN: 0-7680-1662-2), 450-451, 2006. view view
  • Xu XG, Bednarz B., Wang B. Measured and Simulated Organ Doses for IMRT and 3DCRT. Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 95 (613-614), 2006.
  • Xu XG, Bushart S., Anderson R. Effective Dose Equivalent for Point Gamma Sources Located 10cm Near The Body. Health Physics, 91(2):108-118, 2006. view view
  • Xu XG. “Chapter 9. Modeling of Human Anatomy for Radiation Dosimetry: An Example of the VIP-Man Model” In “Applied Modeling and Computations in Nuclear Science”. Semkow et al. Eds., Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Xu XG Recent Progress on the Development of Tomographic Models. (Invited review paper for) Japanese Journal of Health Physics, 41(3): 188-193, 2006.
  • Xu XG, Su H. and Bushart S. The EPRI EDE Calculator - A Software Package for Assessing Effective Dose Equivalent from Hot Particles on the Skin. Health Physics, 91(4):373-378, 2006. view view
  • Zacharatou-Jarlskog C, Jiang H, Lee C, Bolch WE, Xu XG, and Paganetti H. Monte Carlo simulations using whole-body pediatric and adult phantoms as virtual patients to assess secondary organ doses in proton radiation therapy. Med. Phys., Vol 33 (6), 2123, 2006.
  • Zacharatou-Jarlskog C, Lee C, Bolch W, Xu GX, Paganetti H. Calculation of secondary organ doses in proton therapy based on whole-body pediatric and adult phantoms. 11th Geant4 Collaboration Workshop and Users Conference 2006.
  • Zhang JY, Xu XG, Shi CY, Fuss M. Monte Carlo Dose Calculation procedure using a 4D Motion simulating chest model. Med. Phys., Vol 33 (6):2294, 2006.
  • Zhang JY, Xu XG, Shi CY. Preliminary Effort to Include Organ Deformation and Motions in VIP-Man Model. Health Phys., S90(6):S141, 2006
  • Zhang JY, Xu XG, Shi CY Four-dimensional human modeling for respiratory motion and the impact on radiation treatment planning. Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology, 22(9):1301-1305, 2006. view view
  • Zhang J, Bednarz B, Xu XG An Investigation of Voxel Geometries for MCNP-based Radiation Dose Calculations. Operational Radiation Safety, Vol.91 Suppl. 2: S59-S65, 2006.view view

2005

  • Caracappa P, Xu XG Integration Of Computer Aided Design For Monte Carlo Simulations. Proceedings of The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World. American Nuclear Society, 2005.
  • Caracappa P, Xu XG Integration of Computer Aided Design for Monte Carlo Simulations. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World, Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Chao TC, Liu CC, Lee CC, Xu XG. A Diagnostic X-ray Simulator for Out-Patient-Department Examinations. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p1918, 2005.
  • Jiang H, Wang B, Xu XG, Suit H, Paganetti H. Simulation of organ specific secondary neutron dose in proton beam treatments. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p2071, 2005.
  • Jiang H, Paganetti H, Suit H, Wang B, Xu XG A Case Study Of Patient Effective Doses During Proton Radiation Treatment. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World, Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Jiang H, Wang B, Xu XG, Suit HD, and Paganetti H. Simulation of organ-specific patient effective dose dueto secondary neutrons in proton radiation treatment. Phys. Med. Biol., 50:4337 - 4353, 2005. view view
  • Jin W, Lim YJ, Xu XG, Singh TP, De S. Improving the Visual Realism of Virtual Surgery. Proceedings of Medicine Meets Virtual Reality Conference 2005 (MMVR13), 227-233, 2005. view view
  • Leone J, Furler M, Oakley M, Caracappa P, Wang B, Xu XG Dose Mapping Using MCNP5 Mesh Tallies. Operational Radiation Safety, 88(2) Suppl. 1: S31-S33, 2005.view view
  • Shi CY, Xu XG. A Method to Model 4D Organs for Monte Carlo Radiation Dosimetry, Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p1920, 2005.
  • Wang B, Xu XG. Goldstein M, Xing L. An Efficient Adjoint Monte Carlo Method for Radiation Treatment Planning. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p2071, 2005.
  • Wang B, Xu XG, Jiang H, Paganetti H. Energy Distributions of Proton Interactions in MCNPX and GEANT4 Codes Using a Slab Target. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p2029, 2005.
  • Wang B, Goldstein M, Xu XG, Sahoo N. Adjoint Monte Carlo Method for Prostate External Photon Beam Treatment Planning: An Application to 3-D Patient Anatomy. Phys. Med. Biol., 50:923-935, 2005. view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG, and Kim CH. Monte Carlo Study of MOSFET Dosemeter Characteristics: Dose Dependence on Photon Energy, Direction and Dosemeter Composition. Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 113(1):40-46, 2005. view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG , Goorley T, Bozkurt A. The Use Of MCNP Code For An Extremely Large Voxel Model Vip-Man. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World? Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG, Jiang H., Paganetti H. Comparison Of Geant4 And MCNPX For Proton Radiation Treatment Simulations. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World, Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG, Goldstein M, Xing L. Modeling of PTV and OARs for Adjoint Monte Carlo Treatment Planning. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World, Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Winslow M, Xu XG, Son IY, Yazici B. Optimization of radiographic imaging using simulated radiography and electronic observers. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p2079, 2005.
  • Winslow M, Xu XG, Yazici B. Development of a Simulator for Radiographic Image Optimization. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 78(3):179-190, 2005. view view
  • Wang JL, Bai J, Luo JW, XU XG Monte Carlo Method and 3-D Digital Human Model Applied to Quality Assurance of the Radiotherapy Planning. ACTA Biophysica Sinica, 21(3):221-226, 2005. view view
  • Xu XG, Wang B. An Experimental Comparison of Whole-body Photon Doses for IMRT and 3D-CRT. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p1991, 2005.
  • Xu XG. The Effective Dose Equivalent and Effective Dose for Hot Particles on the Skin. Health Physics, 89(1):53-70, 2005. view view
  • Xu XG. Effective dose for patients unvergoing coronary and femoral intravascular radiotherapy involving and HDR 192Ir source Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 115(1-4):289-293, 2005. view view
  • Xu XG. “EPRI EDE Hot Particle Calculator, Version 1.0.” Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI-1011738), 2005.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, and Bozkurt. Comparison of effective doses from various monoenergetic particles based on the stylised and the VIP_Man tomographic models. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 115(1-4):530-535, 2005. view view
  • Xu XG and Shi CY. Preliminary Development Of A 4d Anatomical Model For Monte Carlo Simulations. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World. Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Xu XG. Stylized Vs Tomographic: Experience At RPI Based On The Vip-Man And Pregnant Woman Models. Monte Carlo 2005 Topical Meeting. The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded In A Dynamic Computing World, Chattanooga, TN, April 17-21, 2005. view view
  • Zhang T, Xu XG. A PC-based 3-dimensional Ultrasound Software Package. Med. Phys., Vol 32 (6), p1917, 2005.

2004

  • Bozkurt A and Xu XG Fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients for monoenergetic proton beams based on the VIP-Man anatomical model. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 112(2):219-235, 2004. view view
  • Chao TC and Xu XG S-values calculated from a tomographic head/brain model for brain imaging. Phys. Med. Biol., 49:4971-4984, 2004 view view
  • Kim C-H, Lee S-H, Wang B, Xu XG Radiological Characterization of Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor Dosimeter. Functional Materials, 11(1):183-185, 2004. view view
  • Shi CY, Xu XG. SAFs for Internal Electrons Using a Tomographic Pregnant Woman Model. ANS Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, June 13-17, 2004.
  • Shi CY, Xu XG. Skin Dose Depth Profiles for Monoenergetic Point Gamma Sources. ANS Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, June 13-17, 2004.
  • Shi CY, Xu XG and Stabin MG. Specific Absorbed Fractions Calculated from a Tomographic Model of Pregnant Woman for Internal Photon Emitters Using Monte Carlo Method. Health Physics, 87(5): 507-511, 2004. view view
  • Shi CY and Xu XG Development of a 30-Week-Pregnant Female Tomographic Model from CT-images for Monte Carlo Organ Dose Calculations. Med. Phys., 31(9):2491-2497, 2004. view view
  • Shi CY and Xu XG SAFs for Internal Electrons Using a Tomographic Pregnant Woman Model. American Nuclear Society Transactions, 90:503-504, 2004. view view
  • Shi CY and Xu XG Skin Dose Depth Profiles for Monoenergetic Point Gamma Sources. American Nuclear Society Transactions, 90:505-506, 2004. view view
  • Shi CY, Xu XG, Bai J. Development of a tomographic model for a pregnant woman and its application in nuclear medicine. Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology, 20(8):1267-1272, 2004. view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG. A Monte Carlo CT Model of the Rando Phantom. ANS Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, June 13-17, 2004.
  • Wang B, Shi CY, Xu XG. Calculations of organ doses in RANDO anthropomorphic phantom using the BEAM code and Monte Carlo method. Health Phys. S86(6): S152, 2004.
  • Wang B, Shi CY, Xu XG, Goldstein M, Sahoo N. Adjoint Monte Carlo method for prostate external photon beam treatment planning: An application to 3-D patient anatomy. Monte Carlo Workshop at McGill University. May 3rd, 2004
  • Wang B, Kim CH and Xu XG. Monte Carlo modeling of a High-Sensitivity MOSFET Dosimeter for Low- and Medium-Energy Photon Sources. Med. Phys., 31(5):1003-1008, 2004. view view
  • Wang B, Xu XG and Kim CH. A Monte Carlo CT Model of the Rando Phantom. American Nuclear Society Transactions, 90:473-474, 2004. view view
  • Winslow M, Xu XG Huda W, Ogden KM, Scalzetti EM. Monte Carlo Simulations of Patient X-ray Images. ANS Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, June 13-17, 2004.
  • Winslow M, Xu XG, Huda W, Ogden KM, Scalzetti EM. Analysis of particle number and statistical error on the quality of the Monte Carlo simulated chest x-ray scattering pattern. Med. Phys., Vol 31 (6), p1811, 2004.
  • Winslow M, Xu XG, Huda W, Ogden KM. Study of X-ray Scattering Using Monte Carlo Method and the VIP-Man Anatomical Model. Health Phys. S86(6): S215, 2004.
  • Winslow M, Huda W, Xu XG, Chao TC, Shi CY, Ogden KM and Scalzetti EM. Use of the VIP-Man Model to Calculate Energy Imparted and Effective Dose for X-ray Examinations. Health Physics, 86(2):174-182, 2004. view view
  • Winslow M, Xu XG, Huda W, Ogden KM, Scalzetti EM. Monte Carlo Simulations of Patient X-ray Images. American Nuclear Society Transactions, 90:459-460, 2004. view view
  • Xu XG. EDE for Co-60 Hot Particle on Skin. ANS Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, June 13-17, 2004. view view
  • Xu XG. Chao TC. S-Values for VIP-Man Head/Brain Model. Health Phys. S86(6): S145, 2004.
  • Xu XG. Effective Dose For Patients Undergoing Femoral Intravascular Radiotherapy Involving Ir-192 Source. Presented at International Conferences on Radiation Shielding and Radiation Protection (ICRS-10/RPS 2004), Pestana Carlton Park Hotel, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, May 9-14, 2004.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Bozkurt A. Comparison of Effective Doses from Various Monoenergetic Particle Based On the Stylized and the VIP-Man Tomographic Models. Presented at International Conferences on Radiation Shielding and Radiation Protection (ICRS-10/RPS 2004), Pestana Carlton Park Hotel, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, May 9-14, 2004.
  • Xu XG. Al-Ghamdi A. Photon Fluence and Effective Dose from Spectral Information Obtained by an HPGe Gamma Spectrometer. Presented at International Conferences on Radiation Shielding and Radiation Protection (ICRS-10/RPS 2004), Pestana Carlton Park Hotel, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, May 9-14, 2004.
  • Xu XG. The Latest Data on Effective Dose (Equivalent) for Hot Particles on the Skin. Presented at International Conferences on Radiation Shielding and Radiation Protection (ICRS-10/RPS 2004), Pestana Carlton Park Hotel, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, May 9-14, 2004.
  • Xu XG. A Software for Reporting Effective Dose Equivalent from Gamma-Emitting Hot Particles. Health Phys. S86(6): S152, 2004.
  • Xu XG EDE for Co-60 Hot Particle on Skin. American Nuclear Society Transactions, 90:507-508, 2004.
  • Xu XG. “Implementing the EPRI Effective Dose Equivalent (EDE) Methodology for Discrete Radioactive Particles on the Skin.” Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI-1002823), 2004.
  • Zhang T, Xu XG, Chen XL. A Software Package For Portable Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging. Presented at Second IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI 04), the Marriott Crystal Gateway, Arlington, Virginia, USA, April 15-18, 2004. view view
  • Zhang T, Xu XG, Chen X. A Software Package for Portable Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging. 2004 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 539-542, 2004.
  • Zhang T, Su H, Shi CY, Xu XG, Chen XL, Luo JQ. Design and Implementation of 3D Ultrasound System and Its Diagnostic Applications. Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology, 20(5):792-797, 2004.

2003

  • Al-Ghamdi A, Kim C, Xu XG. Assessment of Organ Doses and Radiation Activation at an Electron Accelerator Facility. Health Physics. S84(6): S152, 2003.
  • Al-Ghamdi A and Xu XG. Estimating the Depth of Embedded Contaminants from In-Situ Gamma Spectroscopic Measurements. Health Physics, 84(5):632-636, 2003. view view
  • Kelly J, Xu XG. Implementation Of The Use Of Effective Dose Equivalent In External Dose Assessments. Health Phys. S84(6): S191, 2003.
  • Shi CY, Xu XG, Kim CH, Ogden KM, Huda W. Development Of A Pregnant Woman Tomographic Model From CT Data. Health Phys. S84(6): S177, 2003.
  • Wang B, C. H. Kim, Xu XG. Monte Carlo Modeling of the MOSFET Dosimeter and its Application. Trans. Am. Nucl., 88:218-220, 2003. view view
  • Wang B, Kim C, Xu XG. Monte Carlo Modeling of the MOSFET Dosimeter and Its Application. American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA, Summer 2003.
  • Wang B, Kim CH, Xu XG, Lee JW. Preliminary study of real-time effective dose measurement using MOSFET dosimeters. Health Phys. S84(6): S192, 2003.
  • Wang B, Xu XG, Kim CH. Characterization of MOSFET Dosimeters Using Measurements and Monte Carlo Modeling. Invited presentation for The Eighth Annual Meeting of the Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards (CIRMS), Gaithersburg, Maryland, October 27-29, 2003.
  • Winslow M, Huda W, Xu XG, Ogden KM, Scalzetti EM. Use of a virtual human phantom to generate dose and image quality data. Med Phys. Vol 30 (6), p1353, 2003.
  • Winslow M, Xu XG, Shi CY, Chao TC, Kim CH, Huda W, Ogden KM. Scalzetti EM.. Application of VIP-Man Tomographic Model for X-ray Imaging Quality Study. Health Physics. S84(6): S258, 2003.
  • Xu XG and TC Chao. Calculations of Specific Absorbed Fractions of the Gi-Tract Using a Realistic Whole Body Tomogpaphic Model. Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, 18(3):431-436, 2003. view view

2002

  • Al-Ghamdi A, Xu XG. A Simple Method in Determining Radiological Contamination Depth. Health Phys., S82(6): S120, 2002.
  • Chao TC, Xu XG. Application Of VIP-Man Anatomical Model For Internal Dosimtry. The Seventh International Radiopharmaceutical Dosimetry Symposium, Nashville, TN, USA, April 17-19, 2002.
  • Shi CY, Zhang T, Chao TC, Xu XG. Development of Voxelized Fetal Models for Monte Carlo Dosimetry using 3D Ultrasound Imaging. Health Physics. S82(6): S121, 2002.
  • Wang B, Al-Ghamdi A, Xu XG. Experience in Teaching Monte Carlo Method to Undergraduate NE/HP Students at Rensselaer. Health Phys. S82(6): S133, 2002.
  • Winslow M, Xu XG. Selection of Radioactive Seeds in Intravascular Brachytherapy: Clinical and Safety Issues. Health Physics. S82(6): S132, 2002.
  • Xu XG. Anatomical Modeling Using Images From The Visible Human Project. The Chinese Korean And Japanese Conference on Medical Information, Beijing, China, August 1, 2002.
  • Xu XG, Zeng J, Real-time Fusion of 3D Ultrasound and 3D Prostate Cancer Atlas For Improved Needle Biopsy. Med. Phys. Vol 29 (8), p1946, 2002.
  • Xu XG. A Proposal For Virtual Reality Dose Simulation Using Image-Based Deformable Anatomical Modeling And Dynamic Monte Carlo Method. Health Phys. S82(6): S142, 2002.
  • Xu XG. Conversion Coeffients Based on VIP-Man Anatomical Model and EGS4-VLSI Mode for Monoenergetical Photon Beams from 10 keV to 10 MeV- Response to Zankl and Petoussi-Henss. Health Physics 82(2):255-256, 2002.
  • Xu, XG, Chao TC, Bozkurt A. A Male Radiation Worker Model Developed From Transverse Color Images Of The Visible Human Project. Proceedings of The Fourth Visible Human Conference, Keystone, Colorado, October 17-19, 2002.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Shi CY and Zhang T. A Segmented Adult Male Anatomical Model Developed from Color Images of the Visible Human Project for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering Simulations (Chinese version). Chinese Fundamental Science Magazine, 6:25-35, 2002. view view

2001

  • Al-Ghamdi A, Xu XG. Development of a Method for Converting In-Situ Gamma Spectra to Organ Doses. Health Phys., S80 (6): S97; 2001.
  • Bozkurt A, Chao TC, Xu XG. Fluence-to-Dose Conversion Coefficients Based on the VIP-Man Anatomical Model and MCNPX Code for Monoenergetic Neutron Beams Above 20 MeV. Health Physics, 81(2):184-202, 2001. view view
  • Chao TC, Xu XG. Specific Absorbed Fractions from the Image-Based VIP-Man Body Model and EGS4-VLSI Monte Carlo Code: Internal Electron Emitters. Phys. Med. Biol., 46:901-927, 2001. view view
  • Chao TC, Bozkurt A, Xu XG. Conversion Coefficients Based on VIP-Man Anatomical Model and EGS4-VLSI Code for Monoenergetic Photon Beams from 10 keV to 10 MeV. Health Physics, 81(2):163-183, 2001. + Correction view view
  • Chao TC, Bozkurt A, Xu XG. Organ Dose Conversion Coefficients for 0.1-10 MeV Electrons Calculated for the VIP-Man Tomographic Model. Health Physics, 81(2):203-214, 2001. view view
  • Chao TC, Xu XG. Calculation of Specific Absorbed Fraction For Source in Gastrointestinal Tract. Health Phys., S80(6): S125; 2001.
  • Chen Q, Jiang Z, Xu XG, Zhang XC. Terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture. UEO Topical Meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, 2001.
  • Chen Q, Jiang Z, Xu XG, Zhang XC. Terahertz wave imaging with a dynamic aperture. In Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics, Y.K. Chen,W. Konx, and M. Rodwell, Eds, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series. 49, 84. 2001.
  • Shi CY, Chao TC, Xu XG. Beam Characterization of a Clinical Accelerator. Health Phys., S80 (6): S108; 2001.
  • Zhang T, Bozkurt A, Chao TC, Xu XG. Studying the Effects of the Surrounding Media and Source Distance to the Absorbed Organ Dose Using the Image-based VIP-Man Anatomical Model and the Monte Carlo Method. Health Phys., S80(6):S101; 2001.

2000

  • Bozkurt A, Chao TC, Xu XG Fluence-to-Dose Conversion Coefficients from Monoenergetic Neutron Beams Below 20 MeV Based on the VIP-Man Anatomical Model. Phys. Med. Biol., 45:3059-3079, 2000. view view
  • Bozkurt A, Xu XG. Organ Dose Calculations for High Energy Protons Using Anthropomorphic Phantoms. Health Phys. S76(6): S111; 1999.
  • Bozkurt A, Chao TC, Xu XG. Assessment of Fluence-to-Organ-Dose Conversion Coefficients for Neutrons and Protons Calculated from Image-Based VIP-Man Anatomical Model. Health Phys. S78(6): S92; 2000.
  • Caracappa PF, Ryan RM, Xu XG. Determination of Patient Dose from Computer Tomography Examination. Health Phys. S78(6): S120; 2000.
  • Chao TC, Bozkurt A, Xu XG. Calculation of Specific Absorbed Fractions using Image-Based VIP-Man Anatomical Model and Monte Carlo Method for Internal Photon and Electron Emitters. Health Phys. S78(6): S97; 2000.
  • Chen Q, Jiang Z, Xu XG, Zhang XC. Near-Field Terahertz Imaging with a Dynamic Aperture. Optics Letters, 25(15):1122-1124, 2000. view view
  • Jiang Z, Xu XG, Zhang XC. Improvement of THz Imaging with Dynamic Subtraction Technique. Applied Optics, 39(17):2982-2987, 2000. view view
  • Ni J, Block RC, Xu XG. Photon Activation Analysis: A Proof of Principle Using an NIST Sediment Standard and an Electron Accelerator. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, V53:535-540, 2000. view view
  • Ni J, Xu XG, Block, RC. Photon Activation Analysis for River Sediment Sample Using a 60 MeV Linear Electron Accelerator. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 245(3):501-501, 2000. view view
  • Ni J, Xu XG, Block RC, Bopp R. Study of Sediment Samples Using Instrumental Photon Activation Multi-Elemental Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 78(2):117-129, 2000.
  • Xu XG, Sahoo N, Chen D. A Segmented Adult Male Anatomical Model Developed From Color Images Of The Visible Human Project For Medical Physics And Biomedical Engineering Simulations. Med. Phys. 27 (6): 1175; 2000.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Caracappa PF, Ryan RM, Sahoo N, Chen D. Development and Application of VIP-Man, An Image-Based Anatomical Model, for Health and Medical Physics Dosimetry. Health Phys. S78(6): S100; 2000.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Bozkurt A. VIP-MAN: An Image-Based Whole-body Adult Male Model Constructed from Color Photographs of the Visible Human Project for Multi-Particle Monte Carlo Calculations. Heath Phys, 78(5):476-486, 2000. view view

1999

  • Chao TC, Xu XG. Comparison of MCNP 4B and EGS4 for Dose Calculations in Small Voxelized targets. Health Phys. S76(6):S107; 1999.
  • Chen Q, Jiang Z, Xu, XG, Zhang XC, Applications of Terahertz Time-Domain Measurement on Paper Currencies. Optics & Photonics News, 10(11):40, 1999.
  • Chen Q, Jiang Z, Xu XG, Zhang XC. Application of THz time-domain measurement on paper currencies. PDA6, Postdeadline paper, CLEO Pacific Rim' 99, Seoul, Korea, Sept. 2, 1999.
  • Naessens EP, Xu XG. A Non-Destructive Method to Determine the Depth of Radionuclides in Materials In-Situ. Health Physics, 77(1):76-88, 1999. view view
  • Ni J, Xu XG, Block RC. Photon Activation Analysis at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Presented at the 4th Topical Meeting on Industrial Radiation and Radioisotope Measurement Applications, Raleigh, NC, USA, October 3-7, 1999. view view
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Eckerman KF. Organ dose calculations using Monte Carlo Method and Realistic Voxel Phantom. Med. Phys. 26 (6): 1175; 1999.
  • Xu XG, Chao TC, Eckerman KF. Development of Realistic Body Models for Organ Dose calculations. HPS Annual Summer Meeting. Health Phys. S76(6): S160; 1999.
  • Xu XG, Naessens E. Characterization of Contamination Depth in Concrete Structures in Situ. Health Phys. S76(6): S109; 1999.

1998

  • Chao TC, Xu XG. The Inter-comparison And Standardization Of Anthropomorphic Phantoms For Monte Carlo Simulations. Health Phys. S74(6):S37; 1998.
  • Naessens E, Xu XG. A Non-Invasive Technique For Determining Contaminant Depth In Materials In-Situ. Health Phys. S74(6): S25; 1998.

1997

  • Minter K, Xu XG. The Development And Implementation Of An Environmental And Energy Engineering Course At RPI. Health Phys. S72(6): S29;1997.
  • Reece WD, Xu XG. Determining Effective Dose Equivalent for External Photon Radiation: Assessing Effective Dose Equivalent from Personal Dosemeter Readings. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 69(3):167-178, 1997.
  • Xu XG. Design Of A Detector System For Measuring Contamination Depth. Health Physics. S72(6): S6; 1997.
  • Xu XG. Possible Nondestructive Method for Determining Contamination Depth Profile. American Nuclear Society Transactions, 76:18-19, 1997.
  • Xu XG. Assessment of Effective Dose Equivalent-Response to Zankl and Drexler. Health Physics, 72(3):487, 1997.

1996

  • Minter K, Xu XG. A Study of the Angular Response of Personal Dosimeters and Their Conceptual Design. Health Phys. S70(6):S17, 1996.
  • Sitek M, Gierga D, Xu XG. A Comparison of the Angular Dependence of Effective Dose and Effective Dose Equivalent. Health Phys. S70 (6):S16, 1996.
  • Xu XG, Reece WD. Sex-Specific Tissue Weighting Factors for Effective Dose Equivalent Calculations. Health Physics, 70(1):81-86, 1996. view view

1995

  • Reece WD, Poston JW, Xu XG. “Assessment of the Effective Dose Equivalent For External Photon Radiation: Calculational Techniques for External Effective Dose Equivalent from Dosimeter Readings.” Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI-TR-101909-V2), 1995.
  • Xu XG, Reece WD, Poston JW. A Study of the Angular Dependence Problem in Effective Dose Equivalent Assessment. Health Physics, 68(2):214-224, 1995.

1994

  • Reece WD, Poston JW, Xu XG. Determining the Effective Dose Equivalent for External Photon Radiation: Calculational Results for Beam and Point Source Geometries. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 55:5-21, 1994.
  • Xu XG, Reece WD, Poston JW. Angular Dependent Problem in Effective Dose Equivalent Assessment. Health Phys. S66(6):S11;1994.
  • Xu XG, Reece WD, Poston JW. A Set of Angular Dependent Fluence-to-Effective-Dose-Equivalent Conversion Factors for Photon Beams. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Radiation Shielding, 1181-1187, Arlington, Texas, 1994.

1993

  • Reece WD, Poston JW, Xu XG. “Assessment of Effective Dose Equivalent For External Photon Radiation: Calculational Results for Beam and Point Source Geometries.” Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI-3099-10), 1993.
  • Xu XG, Reece WD, Poston JW. The Algorithm for Assessing Effective Dose Equivalent From External Photon Exposures. Health Phys. S64(6):S16;1993.

1992

  • Xu XG, Reece WD. The Assessment of Effective Dose Equivalent From External Photon Exposures. Health Phys. S62(6):S41;1992.

1991

  • Meriwether JR, Xu XG, Lee R, Shue, W, Broussard M, Burns SF, Thompson RH, Beck JN. Pb-210 Chronologies of Recent Sediments in Tidal Lakes of the Chenier Marshes of Louisiana. Proceedings of the Radionuclides in the Study of Marine Processes, 1991.

1990

  • Meriwether JR, Xu XG, Beck JN, Burns SF, Thompson RH. The Determination of Sedimentation Rates in North Lake, Louisiana, using 210Pb and 137Cs. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference on Bioassay, Analytical and Environmental Radiochemistry, October 1990.