Attendees: Deborah Kaminski, James Stodder, Cheryl
Geisler, Achille Messac, Bud
Peterson, Tom Apple, Roger Wright, David Rainey, Lester Gerhardt, Terry
Blanchet, Bill St. John, Joel Plawsky, Mark Goldberg, Ron Eglash, Jun
Abrajano, Peter Persans, Patricia Search, Tamar Gordon, Bob
Block, Bruce Nauman
of Minutes from 2/4/2004
Faculty Senate Meetings
The Minutes from 2/4/2004
were approved with minor changes:13 in
favor, none opposed, no abstentions.The
Minutes from 2/18/2004 were
approved with one minor change:13 in
favor, none opposed, 1 abstention
President Cheryl Geisler
Executive Committee identified.The
Motion: The Faculty Senate requests that the following
policy applies to parking data, building access data, and video data.
extent the information involves faculty, no information or reports will be
prepared and released without the written approval of the VP for
Administration, the Chief Information Officer, and the Provost except
where required to perform routine troubleshooting or when required by law.
Provost will report all requests that are approved to the Executive
Committee of the Faculty Senate.
approval will be provided for purposes of performance evaluations.
shall be kept no more than 1 month from acquisition.
Senator-at-Large, expressed concern that this issue has been going on for so
long.He suggested to the President of
the Faculty Senate that the Administration should review the changes proposed
and get back to the Faculty Senate President as soon as possible to avoid yet
another delay.Cheryl responded that she
will include a date for response in the memo to Claude Rounds.
Provost Peterson expressed concern of the inclusion of the
words “when required by law” and suggested the additional wording be
reconsidered.He gave an example of a
student being accosted in a residence hall, where there is entry and exit
information available that could help in an investigation. Rensselaer
would not be required by law to release the data, and the phrase “required by
law” would mean that a summons would be needed.He also encouraged the Faculty Senate to be
careful about making policy recommendations on this particular policy.Claude Rounds’ initial presentation addressed
parking data only; however this proposed change from the Faculty Senate
addresses many other issues including building access data and video.The Provost encouraged the Faculty Senate to appoint
a committee to work with Claude Rounds and John Kolb to develop a policy in
cooperation that would be acceptable to all.
Bill St. John, Senator, agreed with the Provost’s comment
that a lot of information is captured including email, web browsers, telephone
data, building access and video.There
are other forms of data to be concerned about as well.He felt that it was reasonable to put
together a committee to review these other privacy concerns.Cheryl Geisler
agreed and added that currently, neither the original nor the proposed policy
addresses all privacy issues.
Bob Block, retired Senator-at-Large, stated that the faculty
does not want individual data maintained but suggested that statistical data be
kept.Knowing how many cars entered a
lot or garage would be helpful for planning purposes and should not be thrown
away.Bruce Nauman explained that the
information will be kept on a dedicated server.When the server is purged, the whole database is purged and info is lost
unless put into another file or on another server.
The Provost asked what the process would be if the motion
addresses the parking data and what the Faculty Senate will propose addresses
other types of data.President Geisler
stated that it would be sent to Claude Rounds since he had asked for a response.
Vote on Motion:9 in
favor, 3 against, 3 abstentions. The motion passed.
of Enrollment at Hartford
- Jim Stodder
Jim Stodder, Senator from Hartford,
presented a study on enrollments at Hartford.
The main report is available at www.rh.edu/~stodder/tuitionhartford.doc.Jim stated that this is an empirical study based
on 21 years of data.
The big question is “is price sensitivity greater than 1 or
less than 1?”If it is greater than 1, (in
absolute value), then a 1% rise in tuition implies more than a 1% fall in
enrollment.For example, if the price
elasticity is 2, a 1% increase in tuition implies a 2% decrease in enrollment and
consequently a fall in revenue.
Conclusions of the Study
The good news is that the price sensitivity of all students
over a one-year period has been less than 0.5.However, the bad news is the 1-year price sensitivity of new
students is well over 3.0 for the same period.These are the most conservative estimates in terms of price
sensitivity.Also, these are short term
price sensitivities and he noted that longer-term price sensitivities will be
greater since it takes time for many customers to adjust.One conclusion is that there were small gains
in total revenue due to the price increase but at a cost of a substantial fall
in new student enrollment.
The sensitivity to University
of Connecticut (UConn) tuition is 0.2,
which means a 10% fall in relative tuition in UConn would give a 2% fall in Hartford
enrollment.Sensitivity to Connecticut
employment is very “pro-cyclical.”Most graduate schools are counter-cyclical
and vary inversely to the business cycle because if students cannot get a job,
they go to graduate school.But because
tuition for many Rensselaer at Hartford
students is paid by their employer, it is very “pro-cyclical”.This suggests that there should be a different
pricing policy for working professionals than for full time students.Finally, there is no clear time trend.After these other factors are taken into
account, the time trends are either insignificant or they go both ways,
positive and negative.
Jim Stodder went through several graphs explaining what
information they showed.When looking at
Connecticut employment vs.
enrollments prior to 1999, the two aligned well and followed the same
path.After 1999, there was a
significant drop in enrollments which does not correlate with Connecticut
employment.Jim suggested that the
increase in tuition is what made the difference.
dramatic drop in enrollment was not only predicted, it was empirically
is no evidence of time trends.After
price and employment data are taken into account, there are no clear time
trends.He also stated that a drop
in enrollment has also occurred at Troy
in the professional full time working program.
empirical terms, UConn is a competitor.
part-time Master’s programs are highly “pro-cyclical”.
price sensitivities imply that the revenue gains year on year (until this
year), were purchased at a punishing cost in new enrollments and at a loss
of long term market position.
Based on the conclusions of the study, the current pricing
policy does not seem like a successful strategy to maintain the 50-year institution
at Hartford.Many Hartford
faculty feel that the Administration does not intend to maintain the Institution.
Alan Eckbreth, Vice President and Dean, Rensselaer
at Hartford gave a brief overview
of Rensselaer at Hartford.For close to 50 years, Rensselaer
has maintained a graduate center in Hartford.
and Facility Features
There are 26 full time faculty members and 30 adjunct
area has a large number of people who have PhDs from the finest institutions in
the country and some of these have been an important part of the adjunct
faculty.Last fall there were over 1,000
students.In the spirit of working professionals,
the average age of students at admission is 33. Many students enter with a great deal of experience
and advanced degrees.There are 27
general classrooms, 5 distance education classrooms, 5 computer classrooms, a
460-space parking garage and 330-space parking lot, a Union bookstore and
In terms of impact, Rensselaer at Hartford
has granted 13,000 Master’s degrees since 1955.Within the state of Connecticut,
R@H has granted 20% of graduates in those degrees in which Hartford
has a program.
Enrollments at Hartford
are highly pro-cyclical.The MBA
enrollments leveled out when the credit hour requirements were changed from 46
to 60.During the dot.com expansion,
enrollment rose, but at the turn of the century, there was the dot.com
was particularly hard hit by job losses.The bloom from MBA programs faded.Working professionals rely on companies to pay for schooling, but when
times are tough, companies are more restrictive on management training and MBA
had only competed with UConn or the University
of Hartford due to geographic
isolation.But now with the internet and
on-line providers, Rensselaer at Hartford
is now competing with Stamford,
Carnegie Mellon, Georgia Tech, Michigan
and Purdue.The basis of competition has
greatly changed and the philosophy to deal with this is to compete on quality
Technology Corporation Student Enrollment Trends
At UTC, employees can study whatever they want and get full
reimbursement.This is a market that should
be relatively insensitive to price.Over
the period since the dot.com bust, the enrollments from UTC are down approximately
30%.Much of the decline is due to
online competition but also from local competition.Hartford
faces a situation of ever-increasing competition which is driving
Credit Hour Trends
Typically students average 4 credit hours per semester.If distributed enrollments are viewed, it
means that 1/3 of the students take 6 credit hours per semester and the other
2/3 just 1 course per semester.The number
of distance students is increasing, too.In the fall there were approximately 1,000 students and this spring
there were over 1300, which is equivalent to approximately $2 million in
revenue which is not reflected in the Hartford
has been very successful in recruiting weekend MBA cohorts which has helped to
drive up the spring enrollments over the fall term.
A new process for granting tenure to faculty at Hartford
is in place. Tenure will be granted specific to the Hartford
campus and according to the handbook.In
hiring tenured or tenure-track faculty, Alan Eckbreth will put together a Search
Committee after working with the appropriate Dean and forward recommendations
to the appropriate Department Chair on the Troy campus.The appointment then follows the normal
process within each school.After the Dean
of the appropriate school approves, it returns to Alan Eckbreth.If he approves, it is forwarded to the Provost
and then goes forward relative to the tenure process of the Faculty Committee
on Promotion and Tenure.It is Alan
Eckbreth’s involvement that makes the tenure specific to the Hartford
Since each school determines its tenure standards, a given
school might look at what is most appropriate to serve their students
best.Clinical faculty are highly valued
on the Hartford campus due to the years
of experience they possess.Since many
of the students have 15-20 years of experience, faculty who have worked in the
real world are valued by the Hartford
Alan has talked to a number of faculty at Troy
and has search committees together.The challenge
now is to put in place the enabling support mechanisms for faculty to be
successful.These include Doctoral
students, RA and TA support, mentors and support for development of funded
research portfolios.One last thing is
the challenge of having access to experimental facilities.There is a dream of a technology park at Rentschler
Field, but it appears that that is probably several years into the future.Other than partnering with local corporations
or local universities, experimental facilities will be a major challenge.In the near term, experimentally-oriented
faculty will not be hired.
the processes in place within each academic school of the Institute.The Hartford Department of the LallySchool goes through the Lally
School Processes and the department of Engineering & Science goes through
the School of Engineering
or School of Science.Hartford
degrees require approval from the Connecticut State Department of higher education
as opposed to New YorkState
approval.The degrees are identical
other than which state sanctions the degrees.
The total number of clinical faculty that can be supported
is determined by the enrollment levels and the number of degrees offered.Clinical faculty are evaluated on the quality
of their contributions with the following weighting: teaching 60%, scholarship 20
% and service 20%.A typical teaching
load is 9 credit hours per semester and the scholarship is primarily to support
the currency of the curriculum.Renewals
consider performance in the above areas as well as future curriculum directions
and the needs within an area of expertise.
Alan referred the group to the Rensselaer
plan and what it says about Hartford.The Hartford Performance Plan is based on the
Rensselaer Plan.It does outline
introducing tenure and tenure-track faculty.Enrollments need to be stabilized by using a three-part strategy of
upgrading the quality of the Hartford
faculty, differentiating and improving the educational offerings and marketing
much more aggressively than what has been done in the past. Hartford
intends to increase the high-end cohort programs, introduce a one-year
educational MBA program in Fall 2005 and also continue to upgrade the Executive
Master’s program and weekend MBA program.
Hartford is currently
marketing a one year, full-time MS in computer science.This would be a professional Master’s degree
in Computer Science.The work being
done on curriculum is reviewing increases in core requirements and allowing
students to focus or generalize in selective electives.Hartford is working to
increase the Rensselaer content in non-credit Professional
Development Programs.The plans also
call for hiring a Director of EWP of Marketing and Business Development.Finally, Rensselaer at
Hartford will be implementing
total web-enabled student services.
Bruce Nauman, Faculty Senate Vice President, asked whether hiring
tenure track faculty involves Troy
campus departments in the case of engineering and science.Alan replied affirmatively.Once Alan gets together with the Dean of the appropriate
school and puts together a Search Committee, the appointment process proceeds
as it normally would on the Troy campus.Bruce then asked what the process is for existing
tenure track faculty and what is the procedure as faculty come up for tenure
and promotion from one level to the next?Alan stated that the faculty are covered in the Tenure Transition Plan
as spelled out in the memo of 7/2002.For
new tenure-track positions, a national search has to begin; any current clinical
faculty can apply and are free to do so.The tenure process proceeds as per the Tenure Transition memo.A package would be put together for promotion
and tenure at the department level.
Cheryl Geisler, Faculty
Senate President, asked whether the potential difference in certain areas of
tenure and promotion criteria for Hartford
and Troy have been outlined
realizing they might be different in terms of specialization.She asked how the Administration will communicate
or work out the differences.For
example, if there were only one tenure-track faculty member in Hartford
in Computer Science and it was time for a tenure review, the Dept of Computer Science
in Troy has never dealt with the Hartford
faculty member.How will appropriate
criteria be established?
Alan stated that not all of those details have been worked
out.He added that tenure standards and
criteria are different from school to school.He would like to have criteria that value certain areas of expertise,
such as patents or experience in industry.We have to consider that standards that are required for teaching
working professionals as opposed to teaching undergraduate or graduate students
may be different.The criteria have to
be shaped appropriately for the student base.
Terry Blanchet, Senator-at-Large, stated that in both Jim
and Alan’s presentations, data showed that enrollments diminished as the
tuition increased.A detail from Alan’s
presentation showed that overall reduction in enrollment parallels the reduction
in the MBA program but enrollments in computer science and engineering stayed
constant despite what has happened since 1999.Terry asked Alan how a tuition increase could affect only the MBA
program and not other programs.
Alan replied that there is data for every management
degree.The data here is a compilation
of all the Management degrees: cohort, general studies, and MBA.In the late 1990’s, the ratio of MBAs
relative to masters in Management was 2/3-1/3.In the early part of this decade, the MS in Management students exceeded
the number of students in MBA programs.
Terry again mentioned that the levels in computer science
and engineering were fairly constant relative to the overall drop in 1999.
Jim Stodder responded that this data only goes back to
1996.There has been a long-term decline
in both of those areas which represent about 40%.It is not true statistically that computer
science is insensitive to price increase; it can be shown to be sensitive to
tuition.Engineering cannot be shown,
but computer science can be.The trends
are very similar, but the fit, however is not quite as tight statistically as
it is with management.
One of the complications with enrollment data is that there
is a mix of current students already in programs, “in the pipeline” and
incoming students.One of the concerns
is the new people coming into the program.Another concern is the online competition from topflight engineering
may not be filling “the pipeline”.Some
computer professionals are wondering if they should get a Master’s in computer
science and wonder if that is enough to avoid being outsourced.There is much greater pressure in people
going into those fields.Rensselaer
at Hartford has had enrollment
activity but not a lot of marketing effort, which is what is needed now.
Peter Persans, Chair of the
Faculty, asked Alan to make a few short statements that can distinguishes Rensselaer
at Hartford program from the UConn
program.Alan responded that what
distinguishes Hartford is the quality
of the faculty, but that this has not been established in the marketplace.Right now the curriculum is not that
differentiated, but part of the strategy is to differentiate the Hartford MBA
from the UConn MBA. Hartford will
follow Dean Simon lead relative to converting the Rensselaer MBA into a “Master
of Business Innovation”.Such a program
is being put in place for this fall in Troy,
but Hartford hopes to be on line by
Fall 2005.One of the things we are
doing in advertising is branding and getting the message out into the Hartford
Cheryl Geisler asked if
Alan could discuss any increases or decreases in levels of tenure track,
adjunct and clinical faculty.Alan
responded that as the Engineering and Science faculty are built up with
tenure-track faculty, the number of adjuncts will decrease.He could not give exact numbers since there
is not yet an official budget.He
suspected that the faculty size will continue to go down until enrollments are
stabilized.He guessed the total faculty
would probably decrease by 10-15%.
Debbie Kaminski, Faculty
Senate Recording Secretary, asked how the trends have affected overall balance
sheets in terms of revenue and expenses.Alan responded that it has not been a good year.Historically, Hartford
has always operated sufficiently in the black in the range of “7 figures”.This year, despite all the cost cutting, Hartford
will be “in the red close to 7 figures”.A decrease in enrollment was budgeted, but enrollment was down even more
than anticipated.The Provost added there
was an anticipated 20% decrease in enrollment, but the decrease was actually
Alan added that one of the things that affected the bottom
line is the Rensselaer Learning Institute that was providing education
administration services to United Technologies.Hartford lost that contract
because of proposed terms that would have been unprofitable for Hartford.This caused a second reduction in force.The Rensselaer Learning Institute operated at
a loss and this activity was a major contribution to overhead.That loss of overhead has been spread across the
rest of the portfolio.
Roger Wright, Planning & Resources Committee At-Large
member, stated that the financial reports did incorporate in December or
January an 8-figure adjustment to the Rensselaer planned
revenue. The adjustment reflects the losses in the program that Alan referred
to.Roger believed that the loss of that
program had a significant on-campus impact, too.
Jim Stodder, Hartford Senator, stated that it is hard to
understand how the cash flow could be up by $1 million one year and down by $1
million the next and have an impact of $10 million to the larger
institution.As far as being down seven
figures, if you account for distance education revenue, Hartford
is earning $1 to $2 million that Hartford
is not credited for.Jim suggested that Hartford
would be in the black if those numbers were brought in.
from the Provost
The Provost announced the Faculty Senate/Provost BBQ is
scheduled for March 31st.He
asked for Senators to sign up to help serve food to students.The Provost office is providing the funding
for the event.Also the 4th
Annual Colloquium on Teaching and Learning is May 10 and 11th and will have several
keynote speakers.He asked everyone to
mark their calendars.