There are a number of ways to minimize the harmfull effects of excess heaton aquatic ecosystems:

Prevention

Using and wasting less electricity.

Limiting the amount of heated water discharged into the same body of water.

Control by Dillution

Returning the heated water at a point away from the ecologically vulnerable

shore zone.

Transferring the heat from the water to the atmosphere by means of wet or dry

cooling towers. See picture

Discharging the heated watwer into shalow ponds or canals, allowing it to cool,

and reusing it as cooling water. This method is useful where enough affordable

land is available.

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