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Simultaneously the oldest technological school in the country and the most modern school of technology in the U.S. PRINCETON REVIEW FOUNDED IN 1824 Rensselaer is a world in which people come together solve problems and take advantage of a unique kind of synergy. They do this across the disciplinesscientists working with artists artists working with engineers engineers working with business students business students working with architects. At Rensselaer students leap across boundaries and become versatile leaders who know how to collaborate. Science Architecture Engineering Humanities Arts and Social Sciences Lally School of Management 5SCHOOLS Working at the frontier of todays most critical areas of inquiry our faculty and students are tackling the most important issues for energy jobs clean water health care and sustainability. This is why we attract approximately 100 million in research funding each year and more importantly why the most promising and talented individuals choose to join our community. 5Signature RESEARCH Areas Media Arts Science and Technology Computational Science and Engineering Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Biotechnology and the Life Sciences Energy Environment and Smart Systems Located on a 275-acre hilltop campus overlooking the Hudson River in Troy in the heart of upstate New Yorks Tech Valley Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has long been a leader in educating men and women in science technology and engineering. With a recognized record of transferring emerging technologies from the laboratory into the marketplace we catalyze new discoveries and inventions into solutions that address todays grand challenges. The work we do here seeks to benefit humankind protect the environment and strengthen and expand economic development. Welcome to Rensselaer. School of Science Programs Astronomy M.S. Applied Science M.S. Biology B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Biochemistry and Biophysics B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology B.S. Chemistry B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Computer Science B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Environmental Science B.S. Geology B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Hydrogeology B.S. M.S. Mathematics B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Applied Mathematics M.S. Multidisciplinary Science M.S. Ph.D. Natural Sciences M.S. Physics B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Applied Physics B.S. Interdisciplinary Science B.S. Information Technology and Web Science B.S. Information Technology M.S. School of Science Programs At Rensselaer you will build strength in many areas. We invite you to learn about them 1 the launch pad p.7 2 breaking boundaries p.14 3 dedicated to discovery p.23 4 inventing solutions p.28 5 360 learning p.34 CURT BRENEMAN DEAN OF THE SCHOOL OF SCIENCE The 20th century saw the splitting of the atom the decoding of the cell and the creation of the computer. With these monumental breakthroughs the basic laws of matter life and computation were discovered. The scientific innovations of the 21st century will be equally dynamic. Computer power is doubling approximately every 18 months. The Internet doubles yearly. In this age of extraordinary change and global collaboration scientists are much more than observers of nature they find ways to enable nature and humanity to cooperate and thrive. Here in the School of Science we discover answers to humanitys most compelling questions define new fields of study and invent solutions to global challenges. We are exploring rich veins of discovery in these key areas Data Analytics and Predictive Modeling Water Energy Resilience and Sustainability Computational Science Security and Simulation Biomedical Sciences and Applications Materials at the Nanoscale Materials Genome Initiative at RPI. Moving seamlessly across disciplinary boundaries we bring together the best of all fields in order to advance the cause of science. AYearinSpaceforRensselaerTwoRensselaeralumniRickMastracchio87andReidWiseman97flewseparatemissionstoNASAs InternationalSpaceStationin2013and2014.MastracchiowasaflightengineerontheExpedition39crewasix-monthmissionthat wascompletedinMay2014.WisemanaformerNavalcommanderaviatorandtestpilotreplacedMastracchioontheISSafewweeks laterandremainedinspacethroughNovember2014.DuringtheirsixmonthsaboardtheISSMastracchioandWisemanparticipatedin severalhundredexperimentsinbiologyandbiotechnologyphysicalscienceandEarthscience.ThroughouthiscareerMastracchiohas completedninespacewalkstotaling51hoursand28minutesputtinghimamongtheranksofthemostexperiencedspacewalkers.This wasWisemansfirstspaceflight. Reach for the Stars From Rensselaer students can go anywhereeven to galaxies far far away. On August 6 2012 the NASA rover Curiosity safely touched down on the surface of Mars after a journey of more than 300 million miles and a harrowing descent from orbit complete with parachutes rockets and the perilous sky crane maneuver. Celebrating on Earth were a handful of Rensselaer alumni who were members of the team Michael Meyer 74 Lead Scientist NASAs Mars Exploration Program Kobie Boykins 96 Technical Group Supervisor Mechanisms and Mobility MSL Actuator Cognizant Engineer and Frederick Serricchio 94 Attitude Control System Engineer for Cruise and Entry Descent and Landing. They are part of a long line of Rensselaer alumni and faculty involved in space-related research and exploration. There is an inseparable relationship between science and engineering just as there is between necessity and invention said Curt Breneman Dean of the School of Science. Science creates new opportunities for engineering and engineering innovation stimulates the extension of scientific discovery. ready to launch were with you at the controls Astronaut Neil Armstrong who certainly knew his way around a launch pad once said I believe every human has a finite number of heartbeats. I dont intend to waste any of them. At Rensselaer we endorse that way of thinking ensuring that you make the most of your time while you are with us. Undergraduate degree programs include many electives. You can tailor a curriculum to meet your interests and talents. This added flexibility also provides you the opportunity to explore dual-major degrees accelerated programs or begin your graduate work with a co-terminal degree. the launch pad 9 Building Your Foundation Here at Rensselaer when we admit a new student we do so with full regard for that students potential. After nearly two centuries of educating women and men we are proud to say that our instincts have been overwhelmingly confirmed by the success of our graduates. We have three basic goals here in educating students said Mark Holmes Professor of Mathematical Sciences. We want them to develop a body of knowledge. We want them to take ownership of their research and make a contribution. And we also help them look over the horizon to see that this is not just about today but about next year or five years from now or 10 years from now. As involved as we professors are with our own research projects we want to mentor our students for other stages of their lifegraduate school working in national laboratories and more. To ensure success we start by helping students build a foundation in their core subjects. Take for instance mathematics. Calculus is a basic requirement for all science students. This can be challenging for some students. Different students have different rates of adjusting to the demands of college explained Bruce Piper Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. To meet student needs around the challenges of calculus Rensselaer has recently introduced an innovative program called Math Mentors which offers the kind of support that can make all the difference for a student. Zuzanna Naumowicz 13 a biochemistry major decided to become involved because she missed math. I thought it would be fun to go back and do some more calculus she said. In addition to the coaching skills she has also enjoyed the aspect of the mentoring that has to do with helping her students handle more general issues like how to manage stress. I think Ive become a more confident speaker as a result of this and it has helped so much in terms of getting to know faculty Naumowicz said. Math Mentors Serving as a math mentor not only means that you can help with a new students transition into Rensselaer but you the mentor can benefit as well. Following a selective process those who are chosen for this role assume a responsibility that is taken very seriously. Devoting an average of 10 hours a week to this work a mentor receives two credits of a 4000-level math courseand a wealth of classroom experience. Michael Puthawala 14 a mathematics major joined the program on the recommendation of a friend who had been a mentor. He said it was a really good opportunity for personal growth said Puthawala. You have to get in front of people you dont know and ingratiate yourself and build trust. Thats a useful skill. the launch pad 10 I got hands- on experience with the latest cutting-edge chemistry software including Gaussian a quantum mechanics program that lets you simulate what electrons are doing in molecules. Rensselaer delivers on its promise. It will get you into the lab and it will get you going. AT WORK Evolution of a Scientist JAMES BUCHWALD 17 Right from the beginning of high school James Buchwald knew that he wanted to be a professor. Originally I planned to study computer science but as a high school sophomore I took a chemistry class and saw my future. Buchwald also saw his future while visiting Rensselaer on a college tour. I could see that Rensselaer had far more opportunity for undergraduate research than the other schools I was looking at he recalled. He was particularly attracted to the accelerated B.S.Ph.D. program in chemistry and he now expects to graduate with his doctorate in the spring of 2017. The accelerated degree program has been a great experience for me said Buchwald who joined a research group prior to entering the program but took advantage of the rotations during the spring semester to see how groups working in other fields of chemistry operated. For one rotation I visited the research group of Professor Curt Breneman now dean of the School of Science and learned about computational chemistry he said. Buchwalds current research is focused on artificial photosynthesisresearch that hopefully will one day provide the world with the tools to produce renewable hydrogen gas from water and sunlight. One of the most important things for someone wanting to study science is to get into the lab and actually start doing research he explained. It is the best way to learn science and to gain a perspective on the field. Rensselaer delivers on its promise. It will get you into the lab and it will get you going. the launch pad 11 Design Your Degree A hallmark of a Rensselaer education is the flexibility we offer our students in developing a degree or degrees that work for them. We make dual majors a highly realizable option with as many as half of all students going in this direction. Typical combinations include physicsmath computer sciencecomputer and systems engineering and computer science cognitive science. Our co-terminal degree program one of the first of its kind in the nation to be incorporated with extended financial aid allows undergraduates in good academic standing to pursue a masters degree while completing their bachelors degree. The two degrees can be in the same or different disciplines. With more than 75 percent of incoming Rensselaer freshmen surveyed in recent years expressing an interest in earning a masters degree following their undergraduate education this degree option is popular. the launch pad 12 EXCEPTIONAL OPPORTUNITIES Rensselaer offers outstanding programs to its aspiring physicians. The Accelerated Physician-Scientist Program was born out of the belief that physicians should be able to move purposefully within the world of science. At the rate that todays biomedical advances are translating to the clinic all physicians benefit from being able to read original research. No physician should have to rely on pharmaceutical reps or the support staff at biomedical engineering companies for his or her knowledge. Students admitted to this program spend their first three years at Rensselaer engaged in a curriculum with a balance of 70 percent premedical science courses and 30 percent liberal arts. Students then move on to Albany Medical College for their remaining four years. On another front the new partnership between Rensselaer and the Icahn School of Medicine allows the two institutions to collaborate on educational programs research and development of new diagnostic tools and treatments that promote human health. Exciting opportunities for Rensselaer students will also ensue including FlexMed which is designed for students interested in pursuing a medical degree at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. It allows sophomore students in any major to apply for early acceptance to the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai which will hold up to three spots each year in its FlexMed program for Rensselaer sophomores who qualify. Hitting the Accelerator JP TRASATTI 11 AND HANNAH TRASATTI 14 Generally it takes students four years to earn a bachelors degree and another five to six to attain a doctorate. In our accelerated B.S.Ph.D. program we enable students to earn this combined degree in just seven years. Not only does that save time but it also saves a significant amount of tuition and eliminates the stress of applying to graduate school. The end result Graduates of this program have received fellowships at such prestigious sites as the Institute for Genomics Research the Fermi Laboratories and NASAby the age of 25. J.P. Trasatti who earned his B.S. in Chemistry in 2011 and his doctorate in Chemistry in 201 found the built-in rotation factor in the B.S. Ph.D. program which allows students to sample different labs before committing to one one of its most attractive features. Its not like going to a grad school just to work with one particular person said Trasatti. You get to learn what you like. On his third rotation Trasatti clicked with the lab of Professor Pankaj Karande where he worked on developing a 3-D skin modelresearch consistent with his goal of ultimately working in medicinal chemistry. Hannah Trasatti has followed in her brothers footsteps. She earned her B.S. in Biochemistry in 2013 and aims for her Ph.D. in 2017. She is attached to the laboratory of Professor Wilfredo Coln where she is exploring the role of protein stability in protein function. This research may have application in our understanding of Alzheimers disease Type II diabetes Parkinsons disease Cystic fibrosis and prion diseases. For all their academic load the Trasattis were able to take a very full bite out of the college experience with outstanding campus involvement. J.P. served as president of Phalanx RPIs Senior Leadership Society and worked on the campus newspaper in a senior management role. Hannah is one of the founding officers of weR the Spirit of Rensselaer Society which promotes campus life with events like a cappella singing Christmas tree lighting ceremonies cookie baking and more. Both are also active in Greek life. Their philosophy Why not have it all TeganWebsterearnedhercombinedB.S.Ph.D.bothinmathematicsinrecordtime.Just5.5years WomenbelongatRensselaer.Frompre-collegetothetenuretrackRensselaerprovidesanetworkofsupporttowomeninterestedinmakingacareerin sciencetechnologyengineeringandmathematicsSTEMfields.LongbeforetheflurryofcampusvisitsandcollegeapplicationsDesignYourFutureDay introducesteenagewomentoacademicprogramsandcareersinSTEM.TheWomenatRensselaerMentorProgramhelpsincomingundergraduateand graduatesciencestudentsmakeasmoothtransitionwiththeaidandinsightofmoreexperiencedfemalepeers.AndRensselaerwonthesupportofthe NationalScienceFoundationforRAMP-UPReformingAdvancementthroughUniversityProfessionsagroundbreakingprogramtoadvancewomen atRensselaerfromjuniorpositionstofullprofessorshipswithfacultycoachesworkshopsadvocacyandcareercampaignawards. Professor Katz feels that women have an intrinsic talent for scienceparticularly evident in her area of micropaleontology. In 1943 Rensselaer participated in the Curtiss-Wright Cadette program. The cadettes were math and science students recruited from top universities by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation a leader in aircraft manufacturing. All in the Family Marine geologist Mimi Katz Associate Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences grew up around Rensselaer where her father Sam Katz was on the geology faculty from 1957 to 1985. Dad ran the seismic station here on campus and I can remember staring at the printouts with my brothers waiting to see if we were going to have an earthquake or not she recalled. As a woman entering the field of science Professor Katz admits she sometimes felt she had to prove herself more than her male colleagues did but is pleased that women in science today do not have to grapple with such issues. I think all doors are open to them she said. Professor Katz also feels that women have an intrinsic talent for science particularly evident in her area of micropaleontology study of micro- fossils. There has long been a higher percentage of women in this particular field than men and that may be because women have more patience to sit at the microscope and possess a greater attention for detail she said. In another century women were using that attention to do needlepoint in Victorian parlors. Today they can focus that attention on science. I was able to interview with many tech giants like Google Facebook Microsoft Research LinkedIn Twitter Box Dropbox and Quora she said. It was a terrific experience. ZHENZHENG ZHOU 11 Women in Science Rensselaer Americas oldest technological school has long confirmed its commitment to the education of women. Our founding document an 1824 letter of intent from Stephen Van Rensselaer states I have established a school at the north end of Troy in Rensselaer County in the building usually called the Old Bank Place for the purpose of instructing persons who may choose to apply themselves in the application of science to the common purposes of life. My principal object is to qualify teachers for instructing the sons and daughters of farmers and mechanics by lectures or otherwise in the application of experimental chemistry philosophy and natural history to agriculture domestic economy the arts and manufactures. In 1942 Rensselaer officially invited women to matriculate. Today we continue to educate sons and daughters bringing them equivalently to a level of excellence that allows them to aspire to and enjoy rewarding careers. Opportunities Abound In recent years a contingent of School of Science women students has attended the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing an annual event named for a pioneering computer scientist that focuses on bringing the research and career interests of technical women to the forefront. Undergraduate and graduate students alike attend technical sessions and workshops on career development and networking. Zhenzheng Zhou a computer science major found the conference extremely useful. I was able to interview with many tech giants like Google Facebook Microsoft Research LinkedIn Twitter Box Dropbox and Quora she said. Meenal Chhabra a Ph.D. candidate in computer science was particularly inspired by keynote speaker Sheryl Sandberg chief operating officer of Facebook. Her advice was never to leave the table said Chhabra. Dont underestimate yourself and speak up. Apparently the advice sunk in. As a result of the conference Chhabra got interview calls from Amazon and Twitterand wound up interning at Google. the launch pad 15 Rensselaer rejects pigeonholes or silos. Our scientists break through boundaries. Throughout history far-reaching scholars have looked beyond their areas of inquiry to interact with their counterparts in other disciplines. They have intuitively understood that integrating knowledge from diverse sources can advance fundamental understanding. Now in the 21st century the need for an interdisciplinary approach to problem solving is more pressing than ever as scientists engineers social scientists and humanists join forces to tackle climate change disease overpopulation and other global issues. On the higher education landscape Rensselaer has long been noted for its low walls. There are no rigid divisions here between departments and students can explore many interests. In doing so they learn to see the big picture so that they can become part of the solution. breaking boundaries 17 What were really trying to do is give you more free time. A very important part of our con- stellation goal is to change the world. DEBORAH MCGUINNESS Spinning the Web A brilliant interdisciplinary group of research scientists at Rensselaer is imagining new avenues for the World Wide Web. The Tetherless World Constellation TWC launched in 2008 aims to revamp the Webs ability to handle information in ways that would benefit everyone from casual browsers to pioneering academic researchers. James Hendler Tetherless World Professor of Computer Web and Cognitive Sciences and Director of the Rensselaer Institute for Data Exploration and Applications is regarded as one of the nations most innovative professors. He is helping to guide TWC and its researchers through the emerging field called Web Science. Web Science seeks to understand the Web in its full richness exploring its underlying technologies and social and policy implications and developing new technologies to expand it and make it more useful. We want to keep the Web moving and growing keep building it and always ask what it needs said Professor Hendler. The main vehicle for this work is the Semantic Web a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application enterprise and community boundaries. Deborah McGuinness Tetherless World Senior Constellation Chair and Professor in the departments of Computer Science and Cognitive Science is a leading voice within this movement. One important project with which Professor McGuinness is currently involved has been spurred by a grant from the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation. According to UNICEF more than a quarter of children under age 5 worldwide are permanently stunted due to malnutrition. Professor McGuinness will serve as technical leader for a project that draws on the Semantic Web to integrate multidisciplinary data thereby understanding more fully the effects of risk factors on growth outcomes and by extension developing effective solutions that improve worldwide child health. A tall order Indeed but as Professor Hendler said A very important part of our constellation goal is to change the world. breaking boundaries 18 Semantic Sommelier Evan Patton 13 who is in the Accelerated B.S.Ph.D. Program in computer science and psychology has been focused lately on wine. Yes you read that right. He is working with Professor Deborah McGuinness on a project called the Wine Agent. Professor McGuinness has been developing this wine recommender system for years using Web ontology languages to create a virtual sommelier that can help users pick wines that pair well with entre choices along with other applications. As part of his Ph.D. research Patton is helping to bring the Wine Agent into the mobile space on both the iPhone and Droid platforms. Diving In Eric Rozell 13 a computer science major spent a good deal of his time at Rensselaer exploring the ways that people interact with data. His background in research with TWC pointed him toward internships during two consecutive summers with Microsoft Research he now works full-time for Microsoft Online Services Division. As an undergraduate he was also awarded a prestigious Summer Student Fellowship from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution becoming the first such student to be brought on to work specifically in the general domain of informatics. Rensselaer has a great undergraduate research program said Rozell. Had I not been exposed to such willing professors who let me dig into real research at a young age and an early stage I might have just gone into the work world without experiencing research. Im allergic to sulfites and that fact shows up in my Web data. The Wine Agent will tell me which wines I should have and which I should avoid. breaking boundaries 19 The Social Network The vast power of the Internet is undergoing probing analysis within the Social Cognitive Networks Academic Research Center. Boleslaw Szymanski Claire and Roland Schmitt Distinguished Professor of Computer Science and the centers director focuses his research on the fundamentals of social and cognitive network science. Todays computer technology is both the enabler of new social interactions and the tool for observing and measuring them said Professor Szymanski. These interactions make societies more diverse and more dynamic and they increase the global impact of small focused groups creating both new opportunities and new dangers. The center brings together researchers from varied fields including the social sciences neuroscience cognitive science medicine computer science mathematics and engineering developing mathematical formulas and models to gauge the effects of social cognitive networks. Matthew Kirby 13 a physics major who was part of an interdisciplinary research team during his sophomore and junior years found the work fascinating. We were looking at opinions and how they evolve over time seeing how some people will only be influencers while others cant be influenced said Kirby. SibelAdaliAssociateProfessorofComputerScienceisstudyinghowtrustcanbemeasured.Nowthateveryoneisusingcomputerswecanlook athowtheycanbeusedtohelppeopletomaketherightrecommendationsforinstancesaidProfessorAdali.Tobeabletodothisyouhaveto understandhowpeoplereallytrust.Thereisthepsychologicalcomponentandthecognitive. PrittiKumar13whomajoredincomputerscienceresearchedthisissuewithProfessorAdali.Intodayssocietyweseealotofsocialnetworkingand areplacingalotoftrustinpeoplewecantseewhetheritsonAmazonorEpinionsorwhereversaidKumar.Ilookedathowtrustcanbepropagated throughanetworkhowitmovesalongalineandhowthatcanleadustocreatebettermodelsofsystemsthatcanactuallywork. We are in an entirely new world where Twitter cellphones and wireless communication change the way we interact with each other. BOLESLAW SZYMANSKI breaking boundaries 20 Students and EM personnel used the tools in significantly different ways... were still figuring out how to balance the needs of the different users. When Disaster Strikes If ever interdisciplinary thinking is called for its when disaster strikes. Just imagine the coordination that must take place among personnel from fire and police departments power companies medical providers government agencies volunteer organizations and more. An interdisciplinary team of Rensselaer researchers led by William Wallace Professor in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering David Mendonca Associate Professor in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering and Associate Professor Barbara Cutler in the Department of Computer Science is developing powerful new decision-making and data visualization tools to help with emergency management. They have created a prototype that features a map of a disaster area that can be projected onto a movie theater-sized screen with overlays detailing the location of hospitals power plants temporary shelters and other key landmarks. This system would allow emergency officials from different backgrounds and agencies to interact with the data collaboratively and simultaneously. When emergency management EM personnel came in to test out the system the importance of an interdisciplinary approach became even more evident. Students and EM personnel used the tools in significantly different ways said Professor Cutler who looks to bring the project to the next level. Its a multipurpose interface and were still figuring out how to balance the needs of the different users. breaking boundaries 21 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND WEB SCIENCE ITWS In a world in which information technology affects virtually everything we do there is a demand for an academic program that offers students the deepest understanding of the Web. Indeed in 2010 Rensselaer became the first university in the nation to offer an undergraduate degree program devoted to the emerging interdisciplinary field of information technology and Web science ITWS. This academic major offers both a bachelors degree and a masters concentration. Students in this highly inter- disciplinary program are in the vanguard of those who are exploring the interactions between the complex technical engineering and social aspects of the Web. As an ITWS student you will investigate issues related to security trust privacy content value and the development of the Web in the future. You will take a core set of courses on Web and IT development and management along with courses in your concentration selected from more than 20 options including arts engineering management communications artificial intelligence Web systems and medicine. Peter Fox Tetherless World Constellation Chair and Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences and Computer Science is the director of ITWS. ITWS takes leading-edge technical material and places it against applications in finance business science medicine and management Professor Fox explained. As a result it is interdisciplinary from day one. His goals for ITWS are highly focused. We must produce graduates with the knowledge skills and experience to meet the new workforce demands. breaking boundaries 22 INTERDISCIPLINARY DEGREE MAJORS At Rensselaer students can focus on a preferred major while exploring other interests and acquiring complementary knowledge and skills. These majors provide extraordinarily exciting interdisciplinary opportunities Applied Science Biochemistry and Biophysics Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Environmental Science Information Technology and Web Science Interdisciplinary Science Interschool Minor in Energy Multidisciplinary Science Changing the World Lindsay Poirier 13 who earned a dual bachelors degree in ITWS and science and technology studies STS and is now a Ph.D. candidate at Rensselaer in STS merges her interests in the social sciences with her interest in information technology. She has been particularly interested in exploring how IT affects people in Africa and how it can be used as a catalyst for change. One project that took her twice to Tanzania involved building educational software that would help teachers learn how to use donated computers. Another project brought her to Ghana as part of an undergraduate research team that sought to use technology and indigenous culture to impart mathematical and computational concepts to students. Im planning to focus on research in Africa said Poirier. I want to explore how technology and the Internet affect the way people are educated and socialized. At the Hub Alexei Bulazel 13 a dual major in computer science and ITWS who is now pursuing his masters degree in computer science has drawn upon his background to intern in Washington D.C. at Data.gov part of the U.S. General Services Administration. There he helped build an instance hub essentially an organizer that provides authoritative URLs for U.S. federal agencies. The hub promotes easy linking to and retrieval of data available on Data.gov. Bulazel also held a summer internship with the U.S. House of Representatives where he witnessed firsthand the intersection of government and technology. I like solving problems and I find technology really interesting said Bulazel who is looking toward a research position with the government or in the private sector. DEAR TEACHER LINDSAY I AM SO HAPPY TO KNOW YOU AND I HOPE YOU ARE FINE. WE ARE IN YAKINI PRIMARY SCHOOL. WE LOVE YOU SO MUCH. WE LIKE THE COMPUTER SUBJECT. Data Analytics A group of Rensselaer researchers are involved with an exciting new project Semantic Numeric Exploration Technology SemNExT. SemNExT combines numeric analysis of data with semantic understanding and exploration technologies to provide a holistic means of exploring robust datasets. Currently SemNExT is being applied to an important study of General Electric wind turbines predicting turbine failure and also to the research initiative around childhood growth sponsored by the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation that Professor Deborah McGuinness is leading. See p. 16. Tiffany Guo 18 a mathematics major from Beijing is one of the undergraduates who is involved with SemNExT. For her summer research project she is working closely with Kristin Bennett Professor of Mathematical Sciences on numerical analysis. When I came into Rensselaer I asked my adviser Professor Bennett about research opportunities and I was so excited she recalled. Thats how I got into Introduction to Data Analysis. In general Guo has found Rensselaer to be a welcoming environment that stresses opportunities. Its a relatively small school that offers a lot of attention she said. When I told Professor Bennett I wanted to get involved with competitions she pointed me toward the RPI Datathonperfect for students interested in analytics andor machine learning. My team did an analysis of campus security and we won a 1000 prize. Those kinds of experiences can be found all over campus. Rensselaer students find that all it takes is asking questions because the answers will soon be forthcoming. UNDERGRADUATES DO RESEARCH Looking to dive deep into research Recent examples of research projects our undergraduates have worked on include developing non- invasive methods to deliver drugs to the brain working with Koala a new Web-based computer language that allows for easier writing of code and installing a solar power system for a rural school in Haiti. These projects have taken place under the auspices of Rensselaers two superb research programs. URP Undergraduate Research Program allows students to work on projects that can culminate in presentations at conferences or lead to publication in scientific journals thereby adding depth and breadth to your resume. Through URP youll interact with professors who are doing extraordinary work and in many cases they will help you network and alert you to exceptional opportunities in your field. You will also supplement your income and gain industry experience and connections that may result in significant co-ops internships or employment. SURP Summer Undergraduate Research Program allows students usually more seasoned undergraduate researchers to immerse themselves full time in leading-edge research with a faculty adviser for a 10-week period receiving a stipend of 3500. Applications to SURP are competitively reviewed by a panel of faculty members. URPSURP are key benefits of a Rensselaer education that make all the difference in the lives of our up-and-coming scientists. The RPI Datathonperfect for students interested in analytics andor machine learning. My team won a 1000 prize. Jacob Bronowski mathematician biologist and author once wrote The most wonderful discovery made by scientists is science itself. At Rensselaer everywhere you turn women and men in search of insights and answers are experiencing the wonder and joy of scientific discovery. As a Rensselaer science student you will learn by doingenjoying full access to sophisticated technology including advanced optical analysis equipment powerful graphics workstations for molecular modeling and studio-style computer-aided chemistry. The strong emphasis placed on applying course work to real-life challenges will prepare you for being one of those discoverers who will help address the needs of our high-tech 21st-century world. discovery is the currency the lifeblood the essence of the scientific world dedicated to discovery 25 The world of single molecule electronics is important because this is where computing is headed. Seriously Small Nanoscience explores almost unimaginably small matter in the range from 1 to 100 nanometers. This size range is often referred to as the nanoscale with a nanometer nm being a billionth of a meter. A red blood cell is about 7500 nm in diameter while the diameter of a human hair is roughly 80000 nm. Kim Lewis Associate Professor of Physics Applied Physics and Astronomy and winner of a prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation has been researching this very small world in order to improve the movement of molecules through electronic systems. Such knowledge will exponentially increase the functionality and efficiency of the micro-devices that are increasingly determining how we live in the 21st century. Essentially Professor Lewis is studying how molecules conduct electricity. Not only how they can turn lights on or off but also how they store information. Does the molecule for instance change its geometry Can it keep its shape long enough to put information in and take it out Potentially such research could lead to mini machines that might be used to repair tissue or that have application in areas like surveillance where chemical sensors at the nanoscale level can be used to detect volatile organic compounds involved with chemical releases. Alex Buck 13 was part of the community of scientists working alongside Professor Lewis. An applied physics major now working as a Process Support Engineer at Applied Materials Buck held a paid research position in Lewis lab preparing solutions for samples and crunching data. The world of single molecule electronics is important because this is where computing is headed said Buck. With conventional electronics youre tied up with all kinds of limits because of size. Molecular electronics are a way around that. Micro-submarine in artery dedicated to discovery 26 The creative part is dream- ing up ideas for what you can develop to use as a tool to understand the Earth. BRUCE WATSON Early Earth SEBASTIAN MERGELSBERG 12 The story of how life began on Earth surrounds us but instead of being written in words its written in nature some of it in stone. In the lab of Bruce Watson Institute Professor and Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences researchers use their knowledge of geochemistry to create tools that help us read that story. The creative part is dreaming up ideas for what you can develop to use as a tool to understand the Earth Professor Watson said. The first step is knowing the important questions Whats interesting Whats important What dont we know Knowing what we dont know is probably more important than knowing what we do know. When Sebastian Mergelsberg 12 joined the lab Professor Watson had just the question for him. He suggested that Mergelsberg examine apatite a mineral that is believed to contain some of the oldest signatures of life on Earth in the form of carbon impurities that have less than the usual amount of the isotope carbon 13. Because carbon 13 is metabolized during biochemical reactions so-called light carbon is evidence of life. But is the apatite crystal a tight container holding a sample that dates from its own formation or could the light carbon have slipped in over millennia of heat and pressure deep beneath the surface of the Earth We were trying to trace a process that would have happened over 4 billion years said Mergelsberg now a Ph.D. candidate at Virginia Tech in biogeochemistry. Research taught me how to acquire information on my own. Through the process I learned how to review existing knowledge to design a project to assess the potential of a labthings that you cant learn in a classroom said Mergelsberg. It has made me much more independent as a researcher. dedicated to discovery 27 In the Environment LAURA KINKEAD 14 Laura Kinkead 14 has always gravitated toward science and math but dont just picture her in a labKinkead is also an avid outdoorswoman. So when she heard about the Darrin Fresh Water Institute Semester of Study Kinkead knew it was for her. It sounded like school outside and thats what it turned out to be said Kinkead an interdisciplinary science major with a focus on biology who is now working at Pitney Bowes. The Semester of Study is offered to students each fall at Rensselaers Darrin Fresh Water Institute an environmental research center on Lake George. The program includes formal courses in freshwater ecology and applied and environmental microbiology a seminar series on environmental topics an individual research project and an internship with one of more than a dozen local organizations. As part of the program students live in the Institutes large Adirondack-style lodge throughout the semester. The lodge is adjacent to the main laboratory facilities of the center where students perform individual research projects that bridge the gap between traditional ecology research modern bioinformatics and chemical analysis. Kinkead who is particularly interested in computational biology worked on a data-mining project tracking the effects of introduced large- mouth bass on the fish populations plankton and the chemistry of four interconnected lakes in the Adirondacks. The project cemented her interest in research. You have to have patience for research. Unlike the work you do in lab classes real research can be relatively solitary and you have ongoing projects without definite endpoints that someone else has set up for you Kinkead said. You have to set your own goals and accomplish what you set out for yourself. You have to have patience for research. Unlike the work you do in lab classes real research can be relatively solitary and you have ongoing projects without definite endpoints that someone else has set up for you. dedicated to discovery 28 The thing that drew me to RPI was how in-depth the research opportunities are and also how wide it is across all the sciences. You have an endless stream of opportunities as an undergraduate. Searching for Life VARUN BAJAJ 13 Is there life elsewhere in the universe This question lies at the heart of Rensselaers NASA-funded New York Center for Astrobiology. Were interested in how the matter that you need to make planetary life came to be Where did it come from and how was it formed And since it happened here in our solar system is it likely to happen elsewhere as well said Doug Whittet center director and Professor of Physics Applied Physics and Astronomy. Professor Whittet uses the spectrum of light coming from dust clouds surrounding young stars or in interstellar space to determine what molecules may be present in the clouds. Varun Bajaj 13 a student of physics astronomy and electronic arts joined Whittets research group after taking his Origin of Life class. Astrobiology uses many of the scienceschemistry biology physicsand it leads to results that help explain the evolution of life. Bajaj who turned data from the Spitzer Space Telescope into an infrared spectrum of an interstellar cloud said he chose Rensselaer for its emphasis on science math and engineering and also for the accessibility of undergraduate research. MaterialsGenomeInitiativeforGlobalCompetitivenessMGI Advancedmaterialshavethepotentialtosolvemanyoftheworldschallengesinenergysecurityandmedicineinmuchthesamewaythatsilicon revolutionizedmoderninformationandcommunicationtechnologies.ToacceleratethedevelopmentofsuchmaterialsPresidentObamalaunchedthemulti- agency100millionMaterialsGenomeInitiativeforGlobalCompetitivenessMGIin2011.RensselaerisproudtosaythatitcurrentlyhasfiveMGIprojects underway.Amongtheseareprojectsdesignedtodevelopnewdataminingmethodsthatwillenableunderlyingmaterialsphysicsdiscoveriesandaresource NanoMineofpolymernanocompositedata.Anotherprojectwillaimtocreatenewpowerstoragesourcesusingpolymerdielectricmaterialsforhigh-energy capacitors.Rensselaeriswell-placedtoleadthiseffortsaidRobertHullprofessorandheadofmaterialsscienceandengineering.WhyBecausethe newRensselaerInstituteforDataExplorationandApplicationsIDEAisafertilegroundofdatascienceandpredictiveanalyticsandtheInstitutepossesses tremendouscorestrengthsinmaterialsscienceandengineering. dedicated to discovery 29 4 every day Rensselaers scientists grapple with global challenges and come up with solutions Although Peter Mattingly who is enrolled in the accelerated B.S. M.D. Physician-Scientist Program has every intention of pursuing a career as a family practice doctor his summer experience investigating corn genetics has given him an itch for research. Mattingly worked in the lab of Lee Ligon Associate Professor of Biology where the focus is on how the shape and structure of cells affect their function. Mattinglys research centered on the microtubule cytoskeleton a complex network of protein polymers that underlies cell structure. Microtubules function as highways for long-distance movement of organelles and other cargo from one part of the cell to another. The skills he learned in the lab are also a part of his medical education at Albany Medical Center where in addition to completing his training Mattingly is researching the role of an extracellular matrix protein in the progression of cancer. The things that really stand out for me between RPIs biological sciences program and another good biology program are the research opportunities Mattingly said. Between the Center for Biotech the availability for undergraduates to do research through the Undergraduate Research Program and the promotion of research opportunities its just so easy to get involved. Cellular Highways PETER MATTINGLY 13 The things that really stand out to me between RPIs biology program and another good biology program are the research opportunities. To a scientist the most natural inclination in the world is to move from a problem to a solution. As the visionary American physicist Richard Feynman said Our responsibility is to do what we can learn what we can improve the solutions and pass them on. At Rensselaer faculty members graduate students and undergraduates are deeply involved in the work of inventing solutions. In labs and research centers all over campus the boundaries are being pushed and new knowledge is turning up daily. Here you will find an extraordinarily committed and creative community that never stops asking questions or finding answers. inventing solutions 31 I learned to be more confident in the lab and seeing what research is really like helped me refine where I want to go next. The Green Light CLAIRE MARVINNEY 12 Light-emitting diodes LEDs are cropping up as accent lights in grocery store cases and auto headlamps but conventional light bulbs and LCD screens wont be displaced until manufacturers can use inexpensive LEDs to produce powerful light across the color spectrum. Christian Wetzel Professor of Physics and a member of the Future Chips Constellation is working on one piece of that puzzle development of a robust green LED. In his lab Professor Wetzel is perfecting a green LED produced from crystals of indium gallium nitride. The process is painstaking because each new idea must be tested by growing a crystal carefully controlling for purity and composition and then determining its light- emitting properties. For Claire Marvinney 12 working with Professor Wetzel was a perfect fit. Marvinney began a physics major hoping to find a way to apply her abilities in math and science. She started research in an astrophysics lab but soon decided to try a different route. I realized astrophysics was very theoretical and I wanted something applied Marvinney said. Then she heard about Professor Wetzels research. Ive always liked being hands-on and in Professor Wetzels research I got the opportunity to work in a lab and run experiments that were physical in nature rather than just computer work. Marvinney learned to grow the crystals and conduct tests that would describe key characteristics like composition power output and peak wavelength of light that the resulting LED produced. She also became adept at taking SEM scanning electron microscope images of the LEDs in a clean room. I really enjoyed the mix of applied research and materials science said Marvinney now a Ph.D candidate in Interdisciplinary Materials Science at Vanderbilt University. Graduate school was always part of my plan and this research helped me to solidify what area of science and engineering I wanted to go into. inventing solutions 32 The blood thinner heparin is used in dozens of medical procedures including kidney dialysis bypass surgery stent implantation knee and hip replacements and more. It is commonly produced from the intestines of foreign livestock and this leaves the supply chain open to safety issues like a 2008 tragedy in which more than 80 people died from contaminated batches of the drug. Robert Linhardt the Ann and John H. Broadbent Jr. 59 Senior Constellation Professor of Biocatalysis and Metabolic Engineering was on the international team that identified the contaminant in adulterated heparin. When we rely on animals we open ourselves up for spreading viruses and prion diseases like mad cow disease through the use of these heparins said Linhardt who made the pursuit of safer alternatives a driving force in his labs. From creating synthetic heparin to sequencing the first complete complex carbohydrate biopolymer Linhardts lab is pushing a broad swath of research on bioactive carbohydrates. In the bustle of dozens of visiting scholars post-doctoral fellows graduate students and undergraduates Katie Linkens 14 found herself welcomed and put to good use. RPI makes research so accessible for undergrads. Most chemistry professors will find a place for you in their lab if they have the room and most of the chemistry majors in my class are currently active in a lab said Linkens. She helped develop a new technique for using ion exchange chromatography to separate heparin produced by cells into its three component derivatives pure heparin heparin sulfate and heparosin. The procedure could be used to purify naturally occurring heparin. Linkens is a co-author of the research which appeared in Analytical Biochemistry an exceptional achievement for an undergraduate. Life-Saving Solutions KATIE LINKENS 14 a driving force in his labs.a driving force in his labs.a driving force in his labs.a driving force in his labs. From creating syntheticFrom creating syntheticFrom creating syntheticFrom creating synthetic heparin to sequencing theheparin to sequencing theheparin to sequencing theheparin to sequencing the first complete complexfirst complete complexfirst complete complexfirst complete complex will find a place for you inwill find a place for you in their lab if they have thetheir lab if they have thetheir lab if they have thetheir lab if they have the room and most of theroom and most of the chemistry majorschemistry majors in my class arein my class are inin Analytical BiochemistryAnalytical BiochemistryAnalytical BiochemistryAnalytical BiochemistryAnalytical BiochemistryAnalytical Biochemistry an exceptional achievementan exceptional achievementan exceptional achievementan exceptional achievement for an undergraduate.for an undergraduate. inventing solutions 33 Its an undertaking of literally galactic proportions. MilkyWayHome a project launched by Heidi Newberg Associate Professor of Physics Applied Physics and Astronomy is using the donated computer power of more than 45000 volunteers and the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing BOINC platform to create a highly accurate three-dimensional model of the Milky Way galaxy from data gathered during the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The project is pushing boundaries in computer science and astroinformatics with resulting calculations revealing the distribution of dark matter in galaxies how stars and galaxies are formed and how galactic disks are created. One aspect of the project studies how dwarf galaxies surrounding the Milky Way are pulled into the larger galaxy forming streams of stars called tidal tails. We are creating a simulation of a dwarf galaxy falling into the Milky Way We simulate gravity acting over billions of years on all the particles we see where those particles end up after several billion years and then we try to find the simulation that best matches the pattern we see in the sky said Professor Newberg. At one time being a theorist meant that you scribbled with a pen now we simulate and develop algorithms with a computer. To calculate the tidal streams of dwarf galaxies physicist Jake Bauer 15 worked with computer scientists to build an application called the n-body simulator. If you didnt understand physics you wouldnt necessarily know if the results you were getting made any sense so its important to have a physicist on the team of developers said Bauer now pursuing his doctorate in physics at Queens University in Kingston Ontario. There are a lot of things you just cant learn in the classroom. For instance in the research group the most valuable resource you have is other peoples experience something that cant be found in a textbook said Bauer. An experience like this helps you figure out if you like what you do while you still have time to decide. while you still have time to decide.time to decide. Modern Magellans JAKE BAUER 15 inventing solutions 34 Doing It Better LUCY GREETHAM 11 Styrofoam which was created by Dow Chemicals in the 1970s as an insulation device does not break down easily. Moreover when it gets wet it releases chemicals that can contaminate the water supply. In other words Styrofoam is a huge environmental problemand Rensselaer graduate Lucy Greetham 11 is one of the people in the world who is fighting that problem. Greetham graduated from Rensselaer in 2011 with a bachelors degree in BiochemistryBiophysics. An outstanding student she held internships with pharmaceutical and biogenetics companies and fully expected to enter that world. Then along came Ecovative Design the pioneering Rensselaer-incubated company that provides sustainable alternatives to Styrofoam and other plastics by using mushroom technology. I had a friend who was an engineer at Ecovative and he told me how awesome it was Greetham recalled. So I came in for an interview and he was rightit was just really a cool place. A very young company of maybe 12 people in a warehouse with the freedom to do cutting-edge research. Ecovative now employs some 65 people and Greetham is leading her own grant. I have been working on the development of an all- mycelium material that is more elastic and homogeneous she said. I was able to patent it. Greetham has acquired new research skills at Ecovative and engages in high- level problem solving. Ecovative really is a cool place she said because everyone here is empowered and focused on why were doing this. Even if youre sorting and grinding corn which is not the most glamorous thing you feel good about what youre doing every day and knowing that you might be able to make a difference in the world. WATSON GOES TO COLLEGE In January 2013 IBM announced that it had chosen Rensselaer to be the first university to receive a modified version of Watson its artificial intelligence computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language. Watson which gained widespread fame when it competed against and beat Jeopardys all-time champions is able to sift through vast amounts of data and provide evidence-based answers to the questions of its human users. Watson really shows that a computer can start interacting in this modern technology and Web age at the level that people expect where they can interact with it and talk to it eventually said James Hendler Tetherless World Senior Constellation Chair and director of the Rensselaer Institute for Data Exploration and Applications IDEA. The human and the computer will be able to do things together that neither of them could do alone. A number of Rensselaer graduates were there from the beginning as IBM conceptualized and created Watson. Now more Rensselaer students and graduates are bound to follow in their illustrious footsteps as they enjoy close encounters with this almost human computer. The experience of working on Watson will give our students an advantage as they compete for the best jobs in Big Data analytics and cognitive computing said President Shirley Ann Jackson. I have been working on the development of an all-mycelium material that is more elastic and homogeneous. I was able to patent it. The work you do in the classroom and in your labs is of course the centerpiece of your Rensselaer experience. We believe however that the work that goes on in the other areas of your life can be equally important to your development as a scientist and as a person. Your personal development happens in many ways in campus clubs and organizations on the athletic fields and through community service and international travel. We offer a complete college experience and our students emerge with confidence a heightened sense of ethics and values a network of connections and friendships that often become lifelong relationships. 5 learning at Rensselaer is a total encircling 360 experience 360 learning 36 MATHEMATICAL CONTEST IN MODELING The Mathematical Contest in Modeling features teams of undergraduates using mathematical modeling to devise solutions to real world problems and attracts more than 2000 teams from over a dozen countries. Rensselaer has traditionally excelled in this global competition. Its 2010 team made up of Yonatan Naamad 11 Joe Gibney 11 and Emily Meissen 11 won the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Award one of the top honors. Team Rensselaer worked on a scenario that focused on the tracking and capture of serial offenders. We constructed a heat map that gave each location a probability said Naamad now a doctoral student in mathematics at Princeton and we came up with a measure of how surprising it would be if the criminal struck elsewhere. Gibney and Meissen are now doctoral students in mathematics at the University of Arizona. And the winning continues. In 2014 a Rensselaer Math undergrad team took 3rd out of 430 teams in the prestigious Putnam Competition which is the highest finish for a Rensselaer team ever. Show and Tell JESSICA ZIEGLER 13 In the winter of 2013 seven members of the Rensselaer Chemistry Society headed off to Schenectady High School on a mission. Their goal was to galvanize a group of students with some dazzling pyrotechnics while they shared valuable insights about studying science in college. Chemistry major Jessica Ziegler then the treasurer of the Rensselaer Chemistry Society was one of the students involved in this project. We prepared a series of demonstrations that utilized chemistry concepts Ziegler explained. These demos were maybe a little more advanced than they were accustomed to and they were intended to be fun to watch. Among the demos that these School of Science students presented were the Carbon Snake Reaction mix sugar and sulfuric acid and then watch the resulting carbon emerge from the container like a growing snake the Chemical Chameleon use potassium permanganate sodium hydroxide and sugar to create a cavalcade of dazzling colors and Lemon Fizz combine baking soda and lemon juice to form carbon dioxide and then trap the gas in dishwashing soap to form a show of bubbles. Beyond the pyrotechnics the Rensselaer students were there to field questions about what life in collegespecifically as a science majorwas really like. We told the high school students about our future plans and what kinds of opportunities exist for science majors said Ziegler. We answered questions about the courses they should be taking now to prepare themselves for college and the courses they should take when they get to college. For Ziegler now a Ph.D. candidate in Chemistry at UC Berkeley the experience brought back memories. When I was in high school I really liked science but I wasnt sure what kinds of career paths might be available beyond going into pharmaceuticals Ziegler recalled. I think we all really enjoyed explaining what we were going to be doing in the future and clarifying any misconceptions about a life in science. We prepared a series of demonstrations that utilized chemistry concepts.These demos were maybe a little more advanced than they were accustomed to and they were intended to be fun to watch. Have Passport Will Travel Julie Beaudet 13 Julie Beaudet 13 entered the Accelerated B.S.Ph.D. program in the School of Science earning her doctorate in biochemistry and biophysics. That impressive rate of acceleration however has in no way compromised her determination to study abroad. Because of the intensity of her accelerated program Beaudet recognized that it would be best to study in a country where there were no language issues and so she chose University of Sussex in Brighton England rated as the top chemistry school in the UK. During that year Beaudet came to see the importance of international travel for science students. When you look at how patents and journals are done its very regionalized she said. You could miss out on great collaborations because youre too insular. Also with all the international students here on campus putting yourself into a situation in which youve been the international student really helps you connect with them. The Club Scene Rensselaer enhances the student experience with more than 200 extraordinarily diverse and varied clubs and organizations for a complete list visit home.union.rpi.edu landingsview1. Some of the many that will especially appeal to science students include Astrophysical Society Rensselaer Chemistry Society Rensselaer Rocket Society Society of Biological Sciences Space Society There are also numerous professional and honor societies such as the American Nuclear Society Pi Mu Epsilon national mathematics honor society TriBeta society dedicated to biological study and more. Professor Peter Persans Associate Head of the Department of Physics Applied Physics and Astronomy speaks to the hands-on immersive nature of his students experience at Rensselaer. We have an extremely vital Society of Physics Students with some 40 to 50 active members. Many of the students act as tutors and engage in elementary and junior high outreach activities. Then we have the Space Exploration and Development Club which sends up weather balloons with cameras and projectors and the Rensselaer Astronomy Society which runs our observatory. International Study International collaboration is a backbone of science in the 21st century. This makes sense as the goal of science is to uncover a complete and provable description of our world not limited by national ethnic or cultural concerns Universality is central to science and so our students are encouraged to partake of opportunities for international study and partake they do with great adventures all over the world. 360 learning 38 Goal Zone Kirsten Bombardier 13 Kirsten Bombardier 13 is an interdisciplinary science major with a minor in psychology who has played with the Engineers Rensselaers womens soccer team all four years of her time on campus. The talented centerback who is also the teams senior captain was named the 2012 Liberty League Defensive Player of the Year and was selected for the 2012 NCAA Division III Womens Soccer All-East Region First Team. Bombardier has found Rensselaer to be the ideal place for her to pursue her goals. I plan to go to graduate school for physical therapy and the interdisciplinary science major has given me a lot of choice and is flexible enough for me to get all my prerequisites in said Bombardier. She has also found her professors to be extremely understanding of her obligations as an athlete. Were student-athletes so school definitely comes first she said. But if you do have to miss class for a game the professors are super helpful in terms of allowing you to make up work. Sports in addition to varsity soccer she plays intramural volleyball ice hockey and intramural soccer have helped her grow as a student too. Because I play sports I have had to learn to prioritize and manage my time better said Bombardier. Thats a skill I can use all my life. When in Denmark Rensselaer has a particularly fruitful relationship with the Technical University of Denmark DTU located 15km from Copenhagen. An innovative leader in research and education offering over 40 graduate and undergraduate programs in many engineering fields DTU has a student population of roughly 6000. DTU offers students the opportunity to study in an open-minded research-based learning environment. DTU was a wonderful learning experience for meboth academically and socially said chemical engineering student Courtney Murphy. The accommodation agreement that RPI has with DTU has allowed me to stay in the best housing and to fully immerse myself in the Danish culture. Rensselaer Education Across Cultural Horizons or REACH is part of Rensselaers initiative to provide all undergraduate students with an international experience. REACH includes international opportunities for all undergraduates including semester-long study abroad and exchange opportunities short-term and faculty-led international programs and other international experiences such as internships and service learning. The Technical University of Denmark was a wonderful learning experience for me both academically and socially. 360 learning 39 School of Science Departments and Programs Biological Sciences Biological Sciences is a broad-based department that encompasses nearly every area of modern biology including macromolecular structure and function computational biology and bioinformatics biochemistry and bioenergetics nanobiology and biotechnology cell and developmental biology genetics of model organism systems neuroscience microbiology and host-pathogen interactions molecular microbial ecologyevolution synthetic biology and freshwater ecology. Undergraduates can major in biology biochemistry and biophysics bioinformatics and molecular biology or can enroll in the combined B.S.M.D. program. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. Ph.D. ResearchConcentration Areas Cellular molecular and developmental biology Computational biology and bioinformatics Cancer and stem cell biology Aging in model organisms Molecular motors Nanobiology nanotechnology and biotechnology Neuroscience Biochemistry and bioenergetics Structural biology and biophysics Ecology and environment of the Adirondack Lakes and Hudson River Biochemistry Enzymology Protein structure chemistry and proteomics Chemistry and Chemical Biology The department focuses on the traditional areas of chemistrysuch as synthesis molecular structure and chemical reactionsas well as the rapidly developing frontiers of modern science. These areas include biochemistry biophysics and biotechnology materials and polymer chemistry and medicinal chemistry. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. Ph.D. ResearchConcentration Areas Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry Biochemistry and biophysical chemistry Computer modelingmolecular design Inorganic and organometallic chemistry Cheminformatics and materials informatics Organic and medicinal chemistry Polymer and materials chemistry Computer Science In addition to learning programming best practices students in Computer Science are exposed to applied areas such as robotics databases programming language design and operating systems. Major research areas include bioinformatics computational science and engineering computer vision database systems networking parallel computing pervasive computing robotics semantic web software design and theoretical computer science. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. Ph.D. ResearchConcentration Areas Bioinformatics Computer graphics Computer vision Database systems Pervasive computing and networking Robotics Web and data sciences Earth and Environmental Sciences The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences offers the study of Earths component materials the development of its structures and surface features the processes by which these change with time and the origin discovery and protection of its resourceswater fuels and minerals. Our students use techniques ranging from seismological and satellite-tracking investigations of crustal motions to state- of-the-art geochemical instruments. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. Ph.D. ResearchConcentration Areas Biogeochemistry Contaminant geochemistry Environmental chemistry Freshwater ecology Groundwater and surface hydrogeology Environmental geochemistry Geophysics Petrology Solid-earth geochemistry Tectonics Paleoceanography and micropaleontology Information Technology and Web Science Information Technology and Web Science combines knowledge of computing with managerial know-how to strategically solve current problems and to creatively research future solutions. Students take a core set of courses on Web and information technology development and management as well as developing an expertise in a concentration involving multiple courses from a selection of more than 20 options including arts engineering management communications artificial intelligence Web systems and medicine among many others. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. ResearchConcentration Areas Arts Civil engineering Cognitive science Communication Computer hardware Computer networking Data science Economics Entrepreneurship Finance Information security Machine and computational learning Management information systems Mechanicalaeronautical engineering Medicine Pre-law Psychology Science and technology studies Science informatics Web technologies Mathematical Sciences The department trains individuals in mathematics both as a subject in itself and as a discipline to aid in the development of other social and scientific fields. Rensselaers Department of Mathematical Sciences is one of the few in the country with a strong faculty orientation toward applications of mathematics. This emphasis is reflected in the many courses dealing with areas of mathematical applications and in the applied flavor with which department faculty typically teach undergraduate courses. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. Ph.D. ResearchConcentration Areas Applied mathematics Computational science Inverse problems Operations research Physics Applied Physics and Astronomy Rensselaers Department of Physics Applied Physics and Astronomy prepares undergraduates to contribute to new concepts and technologies through innovative teaching methods that combine student-faculty interactions computer-based education and hands-on experience in modern laboratories. The department conducts both fundamental and applied research often in collaboration with researchers from other Rensselaer departments other universities industry or the national laboratories. Degrees Offered B.S. M.S. Ph.D. ResearchConcentration Areas Energy science Microelectronics Nanotechnology and materials Nuclear science Optics Space science Astronomy Astrophysics Biophysics Condensed matter physics Optical physics Particle physics Resources Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies This research center and labora- tory ranks among the worlds most advanced facilities focused on the application of engineering and the physical and information sciences to the life sciences. Curtis R. Priem Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center EMPAC EMPAC provides students research- ers and artists with opportunities to link the arts with leading-edge research simulation and data visualization. Scientific Computation Research Center SCOREC SCOREC is focused on the inter- disciplinary development of reliable simulation technologies for scientists medical professionals engineers and other practitioners. Cogswell Laboratory Equipped with modern computer- controlled instruments providing hands-on experience with equipment similar to that found in industrial and research laboratories. Data Science Research Center This center acquires processes analyzes models visualizes and simulates complex data to close the data-to-knowledge gap across multiple time and length scales. Center for Computational Innovations CCI The CCI supercomputing center is enabling key nanotechnology innova- tions in energy biotechnology new materials arts and medicine. Hirsch Observatory The Hirsch Observatory is located atop the Jonsson-Rowland Sci- ence Center and has been serving students researchers and the public since 1942. Inverse Problems Center Inverse problems addressed in this center include medical and molecu- lar imaging geophysical fault identifi- cation bridge embankment and dike integrity and radar imaging. Rensselaer Center for Open Source Software The center provides a creative intellectual and entrepreneurial outlet for students to use the latest open-source software platforms to develop applications that solve societal problems. Darrin Fresh Water Institute DFWI The DFWI operates an advanced field station situated on the crystal- line Lake George at the foot of the Adirondack Mountains. The DFWI is widely regarded for its all-encom- passing study of freshwaters. New York Center for Astrobiology Supported by NASA the center is devoted to investigating the origins of life on Earth and the conditions that lead to formation of habitable planets in our own and other solar systems. Network Science and Technology Center The center is focused on the funda- mental research and engineering of natural and technological networks ranging from social and cognitive networks to computer networks. Rensselaer Exploratory Center for Cheminformatics Research Dedicated to advancing the field of cheminformatics and increasing the availability of new methods within the cheminformatics user community. Social Cognitive Networks Academic Research Center Researching Web-based social net- works and the behaviors that govern their dynamics the centers current work is focused on fundamental sci- ence and its applications. A Network of Achievers School of Science alumni can be found all over the world actively engaged in some of the most exciting research and work in the field today. Many of them also feel a strong sense of loyalty to their alma mater and are open to making connections with new graduates. Gary Gottlieb 79 A Physician-Scientist Program graduate is the president and CEO of Partners Health Care System. ArthurTaveras 86 Vice presidentofBiogen Idec Inc.expertsin sm all m olecule drug discovery. AnnMcEntee93 VicepresidentofDresserfor GEEnergy. David Ferrucci 94 was the lead developer of IBMs Watson system. ClaireFraser77 AmemberofRensselaers AlumniHallofFameshe isapioneeringgenome explorer. Dale Corm an 61 Chairm an and CEO ofthe W estern Copperand Gold Corporation. Abraham Sultan 03 and SinclairSchuller 04 are co-foundersof Apprendaa leaderin cloud-based platform infrastructure. John Haller86 A co-founderofM apInfo a pioneerin the developm entofm apping technology. NON PROFIT ORG U.S. POSTAGE PAID RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE RENSSELAER Montreal Troy Philadelphia Pittsburgh Boston NYC Toronto CANADA Rensselaer Admissions Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 110 8th Street Troy NY 12180-3590 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute complies with all federal state and local nondiscrimination laws and provides equal opportuni- ties for all persons regardless of race color religion sex sexual orientation gender identity gender expression age marital sta- tus national origin citizenship status disability military status veteran status or any other basis prohibited by law. 2015 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. All rights reserved. Rensselaer at a Glance Rensselaer educates the leaders of tomorrow for technologically based careers. We celebrate discovery and the responsible application of technology to create knowledge and global prosperity. Schools Rensselaer offers more than 110 programs at the bachelors masters and doctoral levels. Undergraduates can choose from among 38 majors and 63 minors. School of Architecture School of Engineering School of Humanities Arts and Social Sciences Lally School of Management School of Science Faculty Rensselaer faculty members include National Science Foundation Presidential Faculty Fellows members of the National Academy of Engineering the National Academy of Sciences and other eminent professional organizations. Enrollment Fall 2014 Undergraduate Students 5557 Resident Graduate Students 1204 Our students represent 49 states and 65 countries around the globe. Class of 2018 69 graduated in top 10 of high school class 14 awarded Rensselaer Medal SAT mid-50 range 1300-1490 A-B average high school GPA Student Life 23 varsity teams and more than 50 intramural and club sports. 200 student clubs and organizations operate under a student-controlled budget of 8 million. Location Rensselaer occupies a 275-acre hilltop campus overlooking the Hudson River in Troy New York. Were located in the heart of New Yorks Capital Region putting a world of cultural and recreational opportunities within reach. This area offers both a relaxed lifestyle and easy ac- cess to the high-energy metropolitan centers of the Northeast. Follow Us